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Pollution in the Ocean

Pollution in the Ocean

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Published by earthandlife

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: earthandlife on Jun 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial No-derivs


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Highlights o National Academies Reports
   O   C   E   A   N    S   C   I   E   N   C   E   S   E   R   I   E   S
into the environment. Many human activities—industrial production, burn-ing o ossil uels, agriculture, and product use, among others—generate pol-lutants that can nd their way into the ocean. At one time, people thoughtthat the vastness o the ocean could dilute pollutants enough to eliminate theirimpacts. It is now known, however, that some pollutants can signicantly altermarine ecosystems and cause harm—sometimes deadly—to species rom the top tothe bottom o the ood web.Pollutants oten originate ar inland and are transported to the ocean via rivers or throughthe air. Pollutants o particular concern include petroleum, excess nutrients rom ertil-izers, debris, and industrial contaminants. Even noise, rom such activities as shipping,seismic exploration, and sonar, can aect ocean lie.The good news is that through innovative science and technology, regular monitoring, envi-ronmentally-aware policies, and established treatment methods, some o the eects o pol-lution can be contained and reduced. Many important action steps have already been taken:“scrubbers” have been installed on coal power plants to reduce air emissions o pollutants;microorganisms are being used to break down pollutants in sewage; wetlands and buer zoneshave been created along rivers and streams to absorb excess ertilizers; and oil dispersants arebeing used to treat oil spills.Despite some successes in reversing hazardous eects o pollution, much work remains to bedone to protect ocean health or uture generations.
OFundesirable SUBSTANCES

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