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P. 1
sifon 2

sifon 2

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Published by Irwin Cubas Llatas

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Published by: Irwin Cubas Llatas on Jun 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/08/2013

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Diseñar un sifon colocado sobre un canal principal de una zona de riego en la estacion 1+820.El objetivo de esat estructura es cruzar un arroyo.Datos:Canal revestido en concreto para un caudal de0.08 m3/sy un ancho de arroyo de 40m.Canal aguas arriba:d1=0.30 mv1=0.54 m/sCanal aguas abajo:d2=0.30 mv2=0.54 m/s
2202.8242201.8172202.9642201.817
S15.4744.52
2197.35
S2
2197.30
α1 α2
0.501.5
Calculo de los angulos de deflexión
Tg(
α
1)=
0.336Tg(
α2
)=
0.358
α1=
18.60 °
α2=
19.72 °
Condiciones del canal
A=Q/V
Pendiente (S2)
b=QS2=0.005bvd1
S2=5.00 %ob=0.50 m
Sifon
AsumimosVs=1.50 m/sDi=(4A/
∏)½
A=0.053 m2Di=
0.261 m
ConsideramosDi=10 ''Ai=0.051 m2Di=
0.254 m
Vs=1.60 m/s
Calculo de la transicion (Lt)LT1=T1 - T2
2Tgα/2
LT1=0.264 m
T1=0.50 mT2=0.254 m
α/2
25 °
Calculo de Cotas
a) Cf1=2202.964m.s.n.mCota nivel inicial= Cf1 + d1C
ni
=2203.264m.s.n.m16.31012.60.30 m
 
123456
 
b) Cf2=C
ni -
(1.5hv + Hte)Cf2=2202.823m.s.n.mc) Cf3=Cf2 - HCf3=2197.337m.s.n.md) Cf4=Cf3 - S
2
xLCf4=2197.287m.s.n.me) Cf5=Cf4 + HCf5=2201.804m.s.n.m) Cf6=2201.817m.s.n.m
Calculo del valor de P en la salida
P=Cf6 - Cf5P=0.013
Inclinacion de los tubos doblados
* En la entrada:16.3=2.97 : 1Cf2 - Cf3* En la salida:12.6=252Cf5 - Cf4
Carga hidraulica disponible
Hdis=Cf1 - Cf6Hdis=1.147 m
Calculo de perdidas de carga
he=0.4(Vs²-Vc²)=0.046 m19.62he=0.65(Vs²-Vc²)0.075 m19.62Por friccionhf=f*L*Vs²=0.525 mDi*19.62hf por codoshc=K=0.25hcd=0.030 m
hf=
0.677 m
hf total=
1.1∑hf 
hf total=0.744 m
Por lo tantoHdis > hft1.147 m >0.744 mOKPara mayor seguridad las perdidas totalesse incrementarán en 10%

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