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Lubricant and Hydraulic Fluids

Lubricant and Hydraulic Fluids

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Published by: vcelani on Jun 14, 2012
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CECW-ETEngineer Manual1110-2-1424
Department of the Army
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Washington, DC 20314-1000
EM 1110-2-142428 February 1999Engineering and DesignLUBRICANTS AND HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
Distribution Restriction Statement
Approved for public release; distribution isunlimited.
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-1424
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-ET
Washington, DC 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-142428 February 1999
Engineering and DesignLUBRICANTS AND HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
1. Purpose.
 
This manual provides guidance on lubricants and hydraulic fluids to engineering,operations, maintenance, and construction personnel and other individuals responsible for the U.S. ArmyCorps of Engineers (USACE) civil works equipment.
2. Applicability.
This manual applies to all USACE commands having civil works responsibility.
3. Discussion.
This manual is intended to be a practical guide to lubrication with enough technicaldetail to allow personnel to recognize and easily discern differences in performance properties specified inmanufacturers’ product literature so that the proper lubricant for a particular application is selected. Itdescribes basic characteristic properties of oils, hydraulic fluids, greases, solid lubricants, environmentallyacceptable lubricants, and their additives. It examines the mechanics of hydrodynamic, boundary, extremepressure, and elastohydrodynamic lubrication to protect against surface deterioration. Separate chaptersare devoted to lubricant specification and selection, and requirements of lubricants for equipment currentlyin use at USACE civil works facilities. Because conscientious adherence to lubrication schedules is thebest prescription for longevity of component parts, operation and maintenance considerations are alsoaddressed.
4. Distribution Statement.
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited.FOR THE COMMANDER:2 AppendicesALBERT J. GENETTI, JR.(See Table of Contents)Major General, USAChief of Staff 
 
i
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-1424
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-ET
Washington, DC 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-142428 February 1999
Engineering and DesignLUBRICANTS AND HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
Table of Contents
SubjectParagraphPage 
Chapter 1Introduction
Purpose........................................................1-11-1Applicability....................................................1-21-1References......................................................1-31-1Distribution Statement.............................................1-41-1Scope.........................................................1-51-2
Chapter 2Lubrication Principles
Friction........................................................2-12-1Wear..........................................................2-22-4Lubrication and Lubricants.........................................2-32-6Hydrodynamic or Fluid Film Lubrication...............................2-42-6Boundary Lubrication.............................................2-52-8Extreme Pressure (EP) Lubrication...................................2-62-9Elastohydrodynamic (EHD) Lubrication................................2-72-9
Chapter 3Lubricating Oils
Oil Refining.....................................................3-13-1Types of Oil....................................................3-23-2Characteristics of Lubricating Oils....................................3-33-4Oil Classifications and Grading Systems...............................3-43-7
Chapter 4Hydraulic Fluids
Purpose of Hydraulic Fluids.........................................4-14-1Physical Characteristics............................................4-24-1Quality Requirements..............................................4-34-2Use of Additives.................................................4-44-4Types of Hydraulic Fluids..........................................4-54-4Cleanliness Requirements...........................................4-64-6

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