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4. Latihan Soal Sifat Koligatif Bagian 2

4. Latihan Soal Sifat Koligatif Bagian 2

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Published by Cindhy Ade Hapsari

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Published by: Cindhy Ade Hapsari on Jun 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/07/2013

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www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 1
Latihan Soal dan PembahasanSifat Koligatif Bagian 2
Soal 1
Tekanan uap air murni pada temperature 250°C adalah 30,6mmHg. Tentukan uaplarutan, jika ke dalam 90 gram air dilarutkan 18 gram glukosa ( C
6
H
12
O
6
)Pembahasan :Cara 1 (cara langsung)Xair = n air/(n air + n glukosa )= (G air/Mr air)/[(G air/Mr air)+(G glukosa/Mr glukosa)]= (90/18)/[(90/18)+(18/180)]= 5/(5+0,1)= 5/5,1P larutan = P°.X pelarut= 30,6 mmHg . 5/5,1= 30 mmHgCara 2 ( cara tidak langsung )X glukosa = n glukosa/(n glukosa + n air)= (G glukosa/Mr glukosa)/[ (G air/Mr air)+(G glukosa/Mr glukosa)]= (18/180)/[(90/18)+(18/180)]= 0,1/(0,1+5)= 0,1/5,1ΔP = X zat terlarut . P° = 0,1/5,1 . 30,6 = 0,6 mmHgP larutan = P° - ΔP = 30,6 mmHg – 0,6 mmHg = 30 mmHg
 
 
www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 2
Soal 2
Tentukan tekanan uap air pada larutan yang mengandung 18% massa urea ( MrUrea = 60 gram/mol ), jika tekanan uap air murni pada temperature 30° adalah 34mmHg !Pembahasan :18 % urea artinya total gram larutan adalah 100 gram, 18 % urea tersebut terdapat18 gram urea dan 82 gram air ( 82 gram didapat dari 100 gram dikurangi 18 gram).Xair = n air/(n air + n urea )= (G air/Mr air)/[(G air/Mr air)+(G urea/Mr urea)]= (82/18)/[(82/18)+(18/60)]= 4,56/(4,56+0,30)= 4,56/4,86P larutan = 34 mmHg . 4,56/4,86 = 31,9 mmHg
Soal 3
Berapa titik didih 36 gram glukosa ( Mr glukosa = 180 gram/mol )dalam 250 gramair, jika diketahui Kb benzene 0,52 °C.kg/mol?Pembahasan :
Tb=Kb xGMrx1000P
 
=0,52 x36180x1000250
 
=0,42 °C
 Tb larutan glukosa = Tb air –ΔTb = (100+0,42) °C = 100,42 °C
Soal 4
Suatu zat nonelektrolit yang massanya 3,42 gram dilarutkan dalam 200 gram air. Larutanitu mendidih pada temperature 100,026 °C. Tentukan Mr zat tersebut jika diketahui Kbair = 0,52 °C.kg/mol !
 
 
www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 3
Pembahasan :Mula-mula cari titik didih larutan.ΔTb = 100,026 – 100 = 0,026 °CKemudian baru cari Mr-nya dengan rumus ΔTb
Tb=Kb xGMrx1000P
 
0,026=0,52 x3,42Mrx1000200
 
Mr=342 gram/mol
 
Soal 5
Asam benzoate ( Mr = 122 gram/mol ) sebanyak 12,2 gram dilarutkan dalam 122 grametanol menyebabkan kenaikan titik didih 1 °C. Besarnya tetapan kenaikan titik didihetanol ( Kb) adalah …a.
 
2,24b.
 
1,83c.
 
1,55d.
 
1,22e.
 
1,71Pembahasan :
Tb=Kb xGMrx1000P
 
1 =Kb x12,2122x1000122
 
Kb=1,22 °C.kg/mol
 
Soal 6
Tentukan penurunan titik beku jika 0,05 mol naftalena dilarutkan ke dalam 400 gram air!( Kf air = 1,86 °C kg/mol dan Mr naftalena = 128 gram/mol)Pembahasan :
Tf=Kf xGMrx1000P
 

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