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Latihan Soal Sifat Koligatif

Latihan Soal Sifat Koligatif

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Published by Cindhy Ade Hapsari

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Published by: Cindhy Ade Hapsari on Jun 15, 2012
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08/07/2013

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www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 1
Latihan Soal dan PembahasanSifat Koligatif Bagian 1
Soal 1
Berapakah molalitas larutan yang dibuat dengan melarutkan 0,6 gram urea ( CO(NH
2
)
2
)dalam 100 gram air ? ( Mr Urea = 60 gram/mol)
a.
 
0,1 molal
b.
 
0,6 molalc.
 
1 molald.
 
6 molale.
 
10 molalPembahasan:
m=GMrx1000P
 
=0,660x1000P
 
= 0,1
molal
Soal 2
Berapa gram yang harus dilarutkan untuk membuat 1 molal larutan gula ( Mr = 342gram/mol ) dalam 25 gram air?a.
 
3,42 gram
b.
 
8,55 gram
c.
 
34,2 gramd.
 
88,5 grame.
 
342 gramPembahasan :
m=GMrx1000P
 
1=G342x100025
 
G
 
= 8.55
gram
 
 
www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 2
Soal 3
Tentukan molalitas dari 500 mL larutan yang mengandung 5 % massa H
2
SO
4
! Diketahuimassa jenis larutan 1,2 gram/mL dan Mr H
2
SO
4
= 98 gram/mol.Pembahasan :Massa larutan = massa jenis x volume = 1,2 gram/mL x 500 mL = 600 gramMassa H
2
SO
4
= 5 % x 600 gram = 30 gramMassa Pelarut = 600 gram – 30 gram = 570 gram
m=GMrx1000P
 
=3098x1000570
 
= 0,54
molal
Soal 4
Massa jenis larutan H
2
SO
4
pekat 49% massa adalah 1,3 kg/L dan Mr H
2
SO
4
= 98gram/mol. Berapakah molalitas H
2
SO
4
?Pembahasan :% massa zat terlarut dalam larutan
=
   
x 100%
 49
=
   
x 100%
 
0,49
=
 
   
 Massa larutan
=
massa zat terlarut / 0,49Massa pelarut
=
massa larutan – massa zat terlarut
=
(massa zat terlarut/0,49) – massa zat terlarut= (massa zat terlarut – 0,49 massa zat terlarut )/ 0,49= 0,51 massa zat terlarut/0,49 = P
m=GMrx1000P
 
 
 
www.belajardariapapun.blogspot.com
Sifat Koligatif Page 3
m=massa zat terlarut 98x10000,51 massa zat terlarut/ 0,49
 
=
9,8 molal
Soal 5
Tentukan fraksi mol zat terlarut dan pelarut, jika ke dalam 90 gram air dilarutkan 15gram asam cuka ( CH
3
COOH) !Pembahasan :Mr CH
3
COOH = 60 gram/molMr H
2
O = 18 gram/moln CH
3
COOH = 15 gram / ( 60 gram/mol) = 0,25 mol = n
t
n H
2
O = 90 gram/(18 gram/mol) = 5 mol = n
p
 X CH
3
COOH = n
t
/ ( n
t
+ n
p
) =0,25 / ( 0,25 + 5 ) = 0,05X H
2
O = 1 – 0,05 = 0,95
Catatan =Fraksi mol zat terlarut + Fraksi mol pelarut = 1
Soal 6
Tentukan fraksi mol zat terlarut dan pelarut, jika ke dalam 60 gram air dilarutkan 5 gramurea !Pembahasan :Mr Urea = 60 gram/molMr H
2
O = 18 gram/moln H
2
O = 60 gram/(18 gram/mol) = 3,33 mol = n
p
n Urea = 5 gram/(60 gram/mol) = 0,083 mol =n
t
 X Urea = n
t
/ ( n
t
+ n
p
) =0,083 / ( 0,083 +3,33 ) = 0,02X H
2
O = 1 – 0,02 = 0,98

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