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Ch.14 Judicial Test Bank

Ch.14 Judicial Test Bank

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Published by Tony Pham

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Published by: Tony Pham on Jun 15, 2012
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12/12/2012

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The Judiciary Test Bank1. Which of the following correctly states the relationship between the federal and statejudiciaries?A. Federal courts are higher courts than state courts and may overturn statedecisions on any grounds.B. The two are entirely autonomous, and neither ever hears cases that originatein the other.C. The two are generally autonomous, although federal courts may rule on theconstitutionality of state court decisions.D. State courts are trial courts; federal courts are appealscourts.E. State courts try all cases except those that involve conflicts between twostates which are tried in the federal courts.2. Cases of Equity can be defined as cases that cannot be resolved by:A. natural law C. the Supreme CourtB. common law D. lower federal courtsE. the Congress3. Which of the following is an example of the Supreme Court accepting a case basedon original jurisdiction?A. an appeal by a state regarding the decision of a lower court to overturn thestate’s restrictive abortion law.B. a habeas corpus petition from a convict who is on death row.C. a suit on the part of a citizen who believes his 1st Amendment rights arebeing violated.D. a dispute between environmentalists and land developers regarding theconstitutionality of the Endangered Species Act.E. a dispute between New York and New Jersey over the plans of New Yorkto build a hotel on Ellis Island. 4. Proponents of judicial restraint make which of the following arguments?A. It should be the role of Congress, not the Court, to make policy.B. The interest of government is not realized by a Court that won’t make crucialdecisions.C. States should be able to develop their own laws without having to worryabout federal court interpretation.
 
D. The federal system will be strengthened by a court that rules state lawsunconstitutional.E. The Court could initiate, not facilitate, judicial precedent.5. The Supreme Court has the constitutional authority to check Congress by A. vetoing legislation signed by the president.B. settling disputes among states.C. applying original jurisdiction to cases brought before them on appeal.D. declaring parts of legislation unconstitutional. E. assigning the Chief Justice to preside over the impeachment trial of theSpeaker of the House.6. During what time period was the dominate issue in the Supreme Court therelationship between the government and the economy?A. 1780- 1801 C. 1835- 1865 E. 1937- presentB. 1801- 1835 D. 1865- 19377. Historically, the Supreme Court has been most powerful during times whenA. broad public consensus existed on the proper course of action.B. political parties were strong and cohesive.C. political parties were weak, deeply divided, and/or undergoing a realignment.D. the president and Congress were in general agreement with theirpolicies.E. the members of the Supreme Court itself were in general agreement withone another on major issues.8. A writ of certiorari from the Supreme Court indicates that the CourtA. will review a lower court decision. B. has rendered a decision in a case.C. has decided not to hear an appeal.D. will recess until the end of the calendar year.E. plans to overturn one of its previous rulings.9. Which of the following committees is responsible for reviewing Supreme Courtnominees?A. House Judiciary C. House Rules
 
B. Senate Judiciary D. Senate AppropriationsE. House Ways and Means10. Supreme Court cases mainly derive fromA. plea bargains that fail.B. Congressional legislation that is vetoes.C. state legislation that goes unchallenged.D. original jurisdiction cases.E. appellate jurisdiction cases.11. Which of the following actions requires Senatorial courtesy?A. A bill introduced by a senator from one state must get agreement from theother senator in that state.B. Members of the same party agree on the order of legislation.C. Senators from the state in which a judicial appointment is being made bythe president are informed of who the candidate is prior to the actualappointment. D. The majority leader of the Senate informed the minority leader who he isappointing as committee chairmen.E. The president informs the chairman of the Judiciary Committee of aSupreme Court nominee prior to the announcement.12. An example of a decision that would be classified as activist isA. San Antonio v. Rodriguez B. Dred Scott v. SanfordC. Plessy v. Ferguson D. Brown v. Topeka Board of Educ. E. New Jersey v. TlO13. The vast majority of cases heard by federal courts begin inA. the state courts B. the court of appealsC. the legislative courts D. the Supreme CourtE. the district courts14. Which Chief Justice is best known as the head of a court pursuing judicial restraint?A. John Marshall C. Roger B. TaneyB. William Rehnquist D. Earl WarrenE. Warren Burger

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