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GSM Layer 3 Messages

GSM Layer 3 Messages

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Published by Syed Masroor Ali

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Published by: Syed Masroor Ali on Jun 15, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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GSMLayer III Messages
Prepared By,Syed Masroor AliPakistan
Signaling Protocol In GSM
In any telecommunication system, signaling is required to coordinate the distributedentities of the network.The signaling protocol in GSM is structured into three general layers as shown in thefollowing figure.
Layer 1 (Physical layer)
It uses the data channel structures over the air interface
Layer 2 (Data link layer)
It provides error-free transmission between adjacent entities, based on the
 LAPD protocol for the Um and Abis interfaces, and on SS7
Message Transfer Protocol(MTP) for the other Layer interfaces
Layer 3 (Networking or messaging layer)
Responsible for the communication of network resources, mobility, code format andcall-related management messages between various network entities
Layer III Message
Layer III is the GSM signaling protocol, which is divided into 3 sub-layers:
Radio Resource Management
to control the setup, maintenance, andtermination of radio and fixed channels, including handovers;
Mobility Management
to manage the location updating and registrationprocedures, as well as security and authentication; and
Connection Management
to handles general call control and managesSupplementary Services and the Short Message Service.

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