range the torque produced by the engine is almostconstant (from engine characteristics graph; fig e1).Thus, for better economy, the range of speed in eachgear, for the driving tires of O.D. 28 inches; operating inreverse orientation is:First- 6.7 to 9 km/hrSecond- 11 to 14 km/hrThird- 18 to 24 km/hrForth- 29 to 37 km/hrReverse- 12 to 15 km/hrApart from this, for mounting the engine we are going touse neoprene rubber mountings.
Selecting the tires is one of the most important things asthe whole vehicle is in contact with the road on these 4points or rather patches. Also for designing an all terrainvehicle tires form the most important part. They shouldbe such that they are able to provide enough traction onall kind of surfaces so as to transmit the torque availableat the wheels without causing slipping.
Front and rear same tiresOuter diameter of tire – 24 inchOuter diameter of rim – 12 inchTread width – 6 inchAspect ratio - 1Number of plies – 6Tread design – mud cuttingSide with – 210 mm
Outer diameter of tire – 24 inchOuter diameter of rim – 12 inchTread width – 8 inchAspect ratio - 1Number of plies – 6Side with – 198 mm
Outer diameter of tire – 28 inchOuter diameter of rim – 12 inchTread width – 10 inchAspect ratio - 1Number of plies – 6Side with – 231 mmShown in fig t1One of the most important parameter for the selection ofthe outer diameter of the tires in rear was the maximumspeed of the vehicle. The relation between outerdiameter of the tires and the vehicle speed is as givenbelow:
Velocity on road = Angular velocity × (Outer radiusof tire ÷ gear ratio)
For the reverse orientation of the transmission systemand maximum speed of the vehicle as 45 km/hr radiuscomes out to be 28 inches. Apart from outer radius ofthe tire, other factors for the selection of tires includetread width, tread design, side wall width, load handlingcapacity, number of plies and treads on side wall etcwhich define the traction ability, tire resistance to wearand puncture and performance of the tire on variousterrains.
1.Built with a 6 ply rating and a reinforced casingmakes these one of the most puncture resistanttires in the market today.2.Large shoulder knobs wrap down the sidewall toprovide excellent side to pull out of the ruts withoutcausing sidewall failure.3.The deep tread and open wing design providesexcellent clean-out with each lug and an improvedtraction
4.Special natural compound delivers added traction.5.Smaller tires in front results in a smaller magnitudeof moment on the wishbones due to corneringforces during steering.6.Use of the larger outer diameter tire at the rearhelps to provide good ground clearance and also 10inch treads provides good traction to the powerwheels.
The criterion for designing the brakes stated as per therule book is that all the four wheels should locksimultaneously as the brake pedal is pressed.
LAST YEAR‘S BRAKING SYSTEM:
Front Disc brake of Maruti800 (91 mm)Rear Drum brake of APE (180×30mm)