(b.) Multiple Approaches for Data integration?ETL (Extract-Transform-Load): typically performed in an application server tier. Otherflavors include:(Extract-Load-Transform): With MPP database engines, an alternative is todo the transformation in the MPP DW(Extract-Transform-Load-Transform): do some processing in theapplication server tier and the rest is done in the DWEII (Enterprise Information Integration): optimized & transparent data access andtransformation layer providing a single relational interface across all enterprise data(structured, semi-structured, and unstructured)EAI (Enterprise Application Integration): message-based and transactional to integrate atboth the business process and data levels including application-2-application integration
How many types of Schemas? Draw an essential schema using star schema andwrite and sql statement using that schema.
There are three types of Schemas in Data Warehousing. They are :1.
Fact Constellation Schema
The most common modeling paradigm is the star schema, in whichthe data warehouse contains (1) a large central table (fact table) containing thebulk of the data, with no redundancy, and (2) a set of smaller attendant tables(dimension tables), one for each dimension. The schema graph resembles astarburst, with the dimension tables displayed in a radial pattern around thecentral fact table.
The snowflake schema is a variant of the star schema model,where some dimension tables are normalized, thereby further splitting the datainto additional tables. The resulting schema graph forms a shape similar to asnowflake.
Fact Constellation Schema:
Sophisticated applications may require multiple facttables to share dimension tables. This kind of schema can be viewed as acollection of stars, and hence is called a galaxy schema or a fact constellation.