for Archaeological Discoveries
This Operational Guide is intended to help those involved inonshore work to meet the requirements of The CrownEstate’s Offshore Renewables Protocol for ArchaeologicalDiscoveries (ORPAD).Onshore works activities that involve ground disturbancehave the potential of unearthing possible archaeologicalmaterial. Operatives and the Site Champion should beaware that there are times when this can occur.Those activities that may give rise to archaeologicaldiscoveries include:Trenching of cables through onshore areasPre-trenching survey workInstallation activities (e.g. substations)
What to do
In many cases, provision will already have been made forarchaeologists to be present prior to or during the work aspart of EIA processes or as a result of a Written Scheme of Investigation (WSI) agreed by the developer. In such cases,archaeological issues will be fully dealt with in the course of survey and /or interpretation. In other cases there may beno immediate provision for archaeological input, so theORPAD will apply. This Operational Guide will help you toreport discoveries that you suspect may be of archaeological interest.Check if provision has already been made forarchaeological input.Make sure there is an Archaeological Awarenessposter – including the Site Champion’s contact details – in a place where staff can see it.Report
you suspect may be of archaeologicalor cultural heritage interest to the Site Champion.If you are the Site Champion, report the anomaly toyour Nominated Contact immediately.Record the position of the discovery by GPS and markthe location on plans.If there is not an Appointed Archaeologist present,the Site Champion reports the discovery to theNominated Contact.Make sure all details are recorded (exact location,date, time, etc.) using the supplied recording forms.
If you suspect an anomaly is of ‘
stop work in the area where the find wasdiscovered
until the Nominated Contact resolvesthe situation.Keep finds protected in a suitable container (if smallenough) in a cool, dark place.If the item is dry, keep it dry and protected.Label finds and handle them with care.DON’T wait to report the finds.DON’T report finds through the Protocol if provisionhas already been made for archaeological input(e.g. by a Retained Archaeologist).DON’T remove any concretion, sediment or dirt.DON’T leave the finds where they could be damagedor deteriorate.DON’T allow wet finds to dry out.
Criteria for High Potential Finds (NominatedContact to be informed immediately)
Single finds that are post-medieval or earlier in date(date to 1800 or earlier).Single finds that relate to military aircraft.Multiple finds recovered from one location.Indications of the presence of a shipwreck or otherstructural remains.Peat or similar materials pre-dating Holocene marineconditions (all peat should be reported, but onlypeat with bone, charcoal or worked flint will behigh potential).
Low Potential Finds still need to be Reported
Single, isolated finds that are not dateable or of modern (post 1800) date.
OPERATIONAL GUIDE 6
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