Patrick C. Agonias 06/03/12AB
CDA, LJL3 PHIFOCY
WHO IS SUN YAT-SEN?
During the 1800‟s many revolutionary move
ments were established in China, aimedagainst the weakening Machu Dynasty. Even though the dynasty proposed the Hundred Days
the Chinese people are still not satisfied. The first Chinese revolutionary to call for achange of government was a doctor educated in Western ideas.His name was Dr. Sun Yat-sen was born in China. However, he grew up and was educatedabroad in Hawaii; there he attended a mission school. He then went to medical school in theBritish colony at Hong Kong and in Canton. While working with secret societies, he led an anti-Machu uprising in 1895, but he soon had to flee to Japan.Sun then began to travel to overseas Chinese settlements; there he gathered followers and raisingfunds for a revolution. He also organized student groups throughout the world and wrote andspoke to promote his ideas. During his travels, he was embarrassed
by China‟s lowly position in
the world of nations. At some point in his travels in Asia he also came across emissaries of thePhilippine Revolutionary government. He was moved by the plight of their struggle andsympathised them.He called for fundamental changes in Chinese society. He eventually developed a plan for arepublican revolution and established an organization that was came to be known as theKuomintang; meaning the nationalist Party. In 1905 he expressed his political, economic and
social goals as the “Three Principles of the People.”
In summary these three principles aregenerally translated as na
tionalism, democracy and the people‟s livelihood.
Although his revolution was a success and ousted the Manchu dynasty on February 1912,the new republic faced confusion. Ambitions and personal interest by members of the revolution;like Yuan Shih-kai , China again fell into chaos. Warlords rose to carve up sections of thecountry and this struggle for control lasted for a decade. Sun Yat-sen tried in vain to restoreorder. By the time of his death in 1925, his hopes of democratic state of China seemed furtherout of reach that they had been before the republican revolution.