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Published by Kenny Deines

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Published by: Kenny Deines on Jun 15, 2012
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Norriseal has been a leader in providing quality level measurement devices tothe petroleum market for over 50 years. In addition to the petroleum market,Norriseal level products serve the marine, steel, and industrial markets.This brochure describes the Series 1001, the 1001A, and the 1001XL Liquid LevelControllers.The Series 1001 and 1001A can be right-hand or left-hand mountedwhile the 1001XL is used where back-mounting is preferred.
No-bleed Pilots
The pneumatic con-troller can be equipped with one ofthree types of no-bleed pilots: a snappilot, throttling pilot, or patentedEnvirosave
Removable Door
The controller doorcan only be removed after opening90°. This feature prevents the door from vibrating loose while in theclosed position. A lever latch keeps apositive engagement between thecase and the door.
Sealed Case (1001A & 1001XL).
AnO-ring gasket seals internals fromoutside weather and allows theharmful exhaust gases to be ventedto a remote area by tubing the ventconnection to an exhaust manifold.
Principle of Operation
Performance Characteristics
How to Order
Model Code: Level Controllers
Vertical Chambers
Domes and Horizontal Chambers
Model Code: Vertical Chambersand Domes
Model Code: Horizontal Chambers
 Engineered  Performance
Series 1001
The economical Series 1001 LevelController uses a non-weatherproofcase/cover
The Series 1001A
The Series 1001A Level Controlleruses a weatherproof case/cover andamanifold-style pilot assembly
The Series 1001 XL Level Controlleroffers the features of a Series 1001A,but with a back-mount connection.
Built-In Filter
Abuilt-in 40-micron stainlesssteel filter in the gas supply connection reducesrequired maintenance of the controller’s pilot.
Interface Control
Awide spring range makesthe control of a liquid interface possible with thestandard displacer.
Marine Service
Stainless steel internals areavailable.
Field-Reversible Action
This adjustment deter-mines whether rising liquid level will increase ordecrease pilot output.
Right- or Left-Hand Mount (1001 & 1001A)
Thecontroller may be changed for right-hand or left-hand mount in the field without additional parts.
Electric Controller
This option utilizes astandard electric switch; SPDT or DPDT.
Split Displacer
For liquid dump spans greaterthan the standard displacers can provide, asplit displacer can give dump spans up to 70 feet in length.
All controllers can be configured to meetNACE MR0175-2002 specifications.
Snap Pilot
The pilot is comprised of two valves –one to admit pilot pressure, and oneto exhaust pressure.Ball “A”controls the flow of gas intothe pilot and is held closed with forceexerted by supply pressure on theseating area of the ball.When the force transmitted to thrustpin “B” is sufficient to overcome the force holding Ball "A" seated, "A" snaps upwardallowing gas to flow past “Aand out the side portofthe pilot.The spherical end of thrust pin “B” closes theexhaust port the instant ball "Asnaps upward.The exhaust port seating area is smaller than theseating area of the supply port; therefore, the pushrod must remain seated against supply pressureuntil force on the rod diminishes.Asimultaneous action occurs as force is removed from thrust pin “B”. Pilot pressure opens theexhaust port by unseating the push rod, and sup-ply pressure forces ball “Ato close the supplyport. The difference in seating area gives this pilotSnap-Action.
Throttling Pilot
Two valves are used to admit andexhaust pressure. A diaphragm “E”used in cooperation with the valvescreates a Force-Balance Pilot.The pilot output pressure acts uponthe diaphragm so that the diaphragmpushes back with the same forcebeing applied by the push rod. Thesebalanced forces are the reason for theterm “Force-Balance.”The throttle pilot works in the same manner as thesnap pilot except the output pressure is propor-tioned to the amount of force applied to the pushrod. More force on the rod produces a proportion-ate increase in pilot pressure.When the push rod force changes, the pilot seeksanew balance point by either exhausting the out-put loading at valve “C”or unseating valve “D”toincrease output loading.Instrument gas does not flow while the pilot is in balance.
This patented pilot works identicallyto the snap pilot. The differencebetween the two is the O-ring seals“F” and “G,” which give a positiveseal to eliminate leakage and prevent fugitive emissions. The EPA has inde-pendently measured the Envirosave
pilot to have a zero CFH consumptionrate.*
Electric Level Switch
The electric level switchuses the force balanceprinciple to open andclose an electrical switchin response to rising or falling levels. Two standard switches are available,single pole double throw (SPDT) or double poledouble throw (DPDT), both with explosion-proofenclosure.
Snap PilotThrottling Pilot ElectricSwitch
Features (continued)
*United States of America. Air and Radiation. Environmental ProtectionAgency. Lessons Learned From Natural Gas Star Partners: Options forReducing Methane Emissions From Pneumatic Devices in the NaturalGas Industry. Appendix A. Washington, DC, 2003.
Theory of Operation
The operation of the Series 1001, 1001A, and1001XL Level Controllers is based on the ForceBalance Principle. The
 Force Balance Principle
stateswhen an object is submerged in a liquid, it createsabuoyant force that is proportional to the weightofthe liquid displaced. A Norriseal level controlleruses a spring to balance the weight of a displace-ment-type element (displacer), eliminating theneed for custom-weighted displacers and floats.As the displacer is immersed into the liquid, theamount of force available is proportional to theweight of the liquid displaced. The result of this force is transmitted to the controller by a rotationalmovement of the shaft. This rotational movementcauses the fulcrum and lever (flapper bar) to pushupthepilot thrust pin. The amount of force isproportional to the level on the displacer, creatingadesired output signal. This desired output signalcan be a pneumatic on/off signal using a snappilot, a pneumatic modulating signal using athrottle pilot, or an electrical SPDT or DPDT signalby using an electric micro switch.
Controller Action
Controller action is “Direct Acting” when theoutput signal increases as the liquid level riseson the displacer. In “Reverse Acting,” the outputsignal decreases as the liquid level increases onthe displacer.
Proportional Band
Proportional Band or Span is the ratio of the dis-placer length used versus the total length of thedisplacer to achieve a desired output signal. Foron/off control, the snap pilot output is equal to thesupply pressure over the span of the controller.The span can be changed by sliding the fulcrumon the lever.Moving the fulcrum away from thepilot thrust pin increases the span, and movingthe fulcrum towards the pilot decreases the span.For throttling control, the output will vary over theproportional band.
Function of the Adjustable Spring
Not only does the spring balance the weight ofthe displacer, it can also be adjusted to shift thesetpoint on the displacer. With spring force heldconstant, a higher liquid level on the displacerproduces a larger force available to the pilot.When the spring force is reduced by decompress-ing the spring, a higher liquid level on the dis-placer is required to produce the same force asbefore. Increasing the spring force by compressingthe spring requires a lower liquid level for thesame force. Thus, increasing/decreasing the spring force will change the setpoint accordingly.The spring compression can be reduced further toaposition where a hydrocarbon liquid level willnot produce enough force to produce an output from the pilot. This makes the control of a
 liqui interface
possible with the standard displacer. Afterthe spring is adjusted so the lighter liquid will notoperate the control, there is still adequate spring force in reserve for the liquid level of heavier liquidto provide enough force to actuate the pilot.
Top-level controlLiquid interface contro
Force Balance Principle
 Force Balance Controller 

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