Crude Distillation (Tray and Packed Tower)
Tray and Packed Towers Description
3.1 CHOICE OF TRAYS OR PACKING
The choice between a tray and backed tower for a particular application can only bemade with complete assurance by costing each design. However, this will notalways be worthwhile, or necessary, and the choice can usually be made, on the basisof experience by considering main advantages and disadvantages of each type; whichare listed below:1.Plate towers can be designed to handle a wider range of liquid and gas flow-rates than packed towers.2.Packed towers are not suitable for very low liquid rates.3.The efficiency of a tray can be predicted with more certainty than theequivalent term for packing (HETP or HTU).4.Plate towers can be designed with more assurance than packed towers. Thereis always some doubt that good liquid distribution can be maintainedthroughout a packed tower under all operating conditions, particularly in largetowers.
It is easier to make provision for the withdrawal of side-streams from traytowers; coils can be installed on the trays.6.It is easier to make provision for the withdrawal of side streams from traytowers.
If the liquid causes fouling, or contains solids, it is easier to make provision for cleaning in a tray tower; man ways can be installed on the trays. With smalldiameter towers it may be cheaper to use packing and replace the packingwhen it becomes fouled.8.For corrosive liquids a packed tower will usually be cheaper than theequivalent plate tower.9.The liquid hold-up is appreciably lower in a packed tower than a plate tower.This can be important when the inventory of toxic or flammable liquids needsto be kept as small as possible for safety reasons.
MIDOR (Rev.0) Jan. 2006 Chapter # 3 Page #3 of 72