Common Fabric Types
- A closely woven fabric made of silk, rayon, cotton, or wool, having a pebbledsurface. Barathea is mainly used for dresses, neckties, trimmings and suits.
- Originally, the term referred to a fabric found throughout the South Pacific and ismade from the inner bark of certain trees. The bark is beaten into a paper-like fabric, then dyedor otherwise colored. Tapa cloth is one of the best known types of true barkcloth. Barkcloth is aterm that also refers to a fabric, often cotton or rayon, with a somewhat crepe-like feel that isdesigned to resemble true barkcloth. This fabric is used extensively for draperies, slipcovers, andother home furnishings.
- Batik describes a special technique of resist dyeing which was first used in Indonesia.Before dyeing the fabric is pile-spread with wax. The waxed areas remain in the original colorwhile the rest of the fabric adopts the dyeing color. To get the typical veined effect to the designthe wax is cracked. Today, it is largely produced in an industrial way.
- A variation of the plain weave construction, formed by treating two or morewarp yarns and/or two or more filling yarns as one unit in the weaving process. Yarns in a basketweave are laid into the woven construction flat, and maintain a parallel relationship. Bothbalanced and unbalanced basket weave fabrics can be produced. Examples of basket weaveconstruction includes monk cloth and oxford cloth.
- A medium-weight, plain weave fabric, usually made of cotton or cotton blends. End-uses include blouses and dresses.
- Traditionally the middle layer, or stuffing, of a quilt. Batting can be made from cotton,polyester, silk, wool or a blend of these. Different types of batting vary in size and fiber content.Batting also helps conserve warmth.
- This refers to any style of fabric that has beads embroidered into the design. Beadingcan be done at the time the fabric is made or can be re-embroidered after the fabric is made.
- A cord cotton-like fabric with raised ridges in the lengthwise direction. Sincethe fabric has a high strength and a high durability, it is often used for upholstery and work clothes.
- A ribbed fabric similar to faille, but heavier and with a coarser rib in the fillingdirection. lt can be made of silk, wool, acetate, or rayon warp, with wool or cotton filling. Thefabric was first made in Bengal, India, and is used for dresses, coats, trimmings, and draperies.
- Berber fleece is made when the yarn is knitted into fabric, which is brushed withwire brushes to pull the material together and to fluff it up. The resulting material has a looped,soft pile, with large air pockets, which improve the insulating properties of the fabric. The pile issheared to create an even length. Synthetic materials such as polyester are most frequently used