The concept of urban rehabilitation began to emerge in 1963, whenthe Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted arecommendation for the preservation of historic sites. TheEuropean Charter of the Architectural Heritage was adopted in1975
; it is based on the principle of “
integrating conservation into the lives of the general public and into.planning and development schemes
adopted resolutions about the conservation of smaller historic towns. In 1976, the Recommendation concerningthe Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas wasadopted by UNESCO. ICOMOS in 1987 adopted the WashingtonCharter for the Conservation of Historic Towns, which recommendsdevelopment and harmonious
measures necessary for the towns’ “adaptation to contemporary life”.