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Indarto-Biodiesel From Microalgae

Indarto-Biodiesel From Microalgae

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Published by Indarto Al-kimia

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Published by: Indarto Al-kimia on Jun 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/26/2012

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Biodiesel from Microalgae
By
Indarto (03523)2012
 
Pendahuluan
Bahan bakarfosilEfek rumahkacaTidakterbarukan
Pertumbuhan ekonomiPerkembangan transportasiPertumbuhan industriKenaikan harga minyak
Bahan bakaralternatif 
?
Kebutuhan energimeningkat
 
Tabel 1. Konsumsi BBM di Indonesia (Hambali et al., 2008; Timnas Pengembangan BBN, 2008)
SektorJenis BBM (L/tahun)
Minyak TanahPremiumSolarMinyaDieselMinyak Bakar
Transportasi
-17.471.13912.078.20470.879277.079
Industri
90.984-8.388.270811.7982.310.023
PembangkitListrik
-7.108.88916.1072.098.580
RumahTangga
11.233.237----
Total 11.324.221 17.471.139 27.535.363 898.784 4.686.282
Tabel 2. Cadangan Sumber Energi Fosildi Indonesia(Hambali et al., 2008; Timnas Pengembangan BBN, 2008)
Sumber Energi Sumber Daya Cadangan Produksi Rasio cad/prodMinyak Bumi
86,9 Miliar Barel9,1 Miliar barel387 Juta barel23 tahun
Gas
384,7 TSCF185,8 TSCF2,95 TSCF62 tahun
Batu Bara
58 Miliar ton19,3 Miliar ton132 Juta ton146 tahun

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