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53201737 Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India

53201737 Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India

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Published by Jasmine Kaur

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Published by: Jasmine Kaur on Jun 16, 2012
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06/20/2015

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Wildlife Conservation Efforts in India
Introduction
The Indian subcontinent boasts of serving as the natural habitat of a large and variedwildlife. The sub-continent with it¶s varied geographical spread from the Himalayas inthe north to the Cauvery basin in the south and the Kutch region in the west to theplains of Assam in East present a diverse range of environmental conditions for some of the most magnificent as well as the rarest wildlife species of the world in India to exist.The beauty and variety we see in the jungles of India is difficult to be expressed inwords and I bring together the breadth through pictures in this project . However, thepast few decades have seen the greed and negligence of human beings working to thedetriment of this rich wildlife. Large-scale poaching, habitat destruction and conflict withhumans have resulted in a rapid decline in the population of most of the wild animalsand birds. Some animals like the Indian cheetah due to this are now extinct.Conservation of Indian wildlife was not given the requisite importance for a long time.However, the government as well as the people slowly and gradually understood their responsibility in this context. Today, efforts are being made towards wildlifeconservation in India, to preserve this natural wealth. Numerous wildlife conservationprojects have been undertaken in India, both at the government as well as the individuallevel, to protect the rich wildlife of the subcontinent. The private sector has also startedstepping in as part of their corporate social responsibility to bring about this change andincrease people¶s awareness. The ³Save the Tiger´ campaign by Aircelwhich isdiscussed here.I am a wildlife fan and have been to a fair number of national parks around the country.In this project I analyze the threat to wildlife in India and then extensively report theefforts of the government, societies, groups and individuals.
 
 
 
Importance of wildlife conservation
 
D
ue to the growing impact of deforestation, continuous efforts are being made by someanxious animal lovers to protect the endangered species of wildlife as well as those thatare on the verge of extinction and thus save the world from running out its greenheritage. Wildlife is important for four main reasons:
y
Beauty: Wild life provides aesthetic value to man. By their unique way of existence, wild creatures exaggerate the natural beauty of the earth.
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Economic value: The financial value of wild species is important to theeconomies of several nations, as it provides many valuable substances like woodand other plant products, fibers, meat and other foods, and skins and furs. Manywild plants provide useful substances like timber, paper, gums etc. And they alsohave wide applications in Ayurveda and other branches of medicine.
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Scientific value: Most important contribution of wild life for human progress isavailability of large genepool for the scientists to carry breeding programmes inagriculture, animal husbandry and fishery.By studying wildlife, scientists havegained valuable knowledge about various life processes and discoveredimportant medical products
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Survival value: To maintain ecological 'balance of nature' and maintain foodchain and nature cycles.Wildlife helps in maintaining the balanced living systemsof earth, which consequently ensures survival of life.
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Wild life of a country is its cultural asset.
N
ational Parks of India
The topography of Indian subcontinent is so varied that it supports a wide variety of wildlife. There is a huge population of animals as well as birds living in the wild regionsof the country. However, the threat of poaching, along with habitat loss, has led to arapid decline in the population of wild animals. To reverse this trend, numerous nationalparks as well as wildlife sanctuaries have been set up in India. These parks andsanctuaries are serving as the natural abode of the majority of wildlife and helping in theaugmentation of their population. In the following lines, I have covered some of thefamous Indian national park and wildlife sanctuary in India and provided a list at thebottom of the others covering most of them :
 
Bandhavgarh National ParkBandhavgarh National Park is spread across the Vindhya hills of Madhya Pradesh, over a coverage area of approximately 437 sq km. The topography of the park ischaracterized by sharp ridges, surging forests and open meadows.Bandipur National ParkBandipur National Park is situated at the confluence of 
D
eccan Plateau and WesternGhat Mountains. The wildlife park falls under the Chamarajanagar district of the South-Indian state of Karnataka.Jim Corbett National ParkJim Corbett National Park is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas and comes under the state of Uttaranchal. The park was established in the year 1936 and at that point of time, it was known as the Hailey National Park.
D
esert National Park is located in the Jaisalmer city of Rajasthan. Stretching in the Thar 
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esert, over an area of 3150 sq km, the park serves as the perfect example of itsecosystem.Gir National ParkGir National Park, established in the Junagarh district of Gujarat, is spread over an areaof 1412 sq km. The park holds the distinction of being the only natural habitat of AsiaticLions in the whole world.Manas National Park of India boasts of amazing wildlife as well as picturesque beauty.The park is situated in the Kamrup district of the northeastern state of Assam.Periyar National Park lies nestled in the Western Ghats, falling in the Idukki district of Kerala. The lake that constitutes a major portion of the park came into existence after adam was constructed on the Periyar River, in the year 1895.Sariska National Park lies nestled in the Aravali Hill ranges of Rajasthan. Sariska wasdeclared as a wildlife sanctuary in the year 1958.Sultanpur Bird SanctuarySultanpur National Park falls under the Gurgaon district of Haryana. It is situated on theGurgaon-Farukh Nagar Road, at a distance of 15 km from Gurgaon.Sundarbans National ParkSundarbans National Park forms a part of the largest delta created by the Ganga andBrahmaputra Rivers. Its core area is made up of the largest mangrove forest in theworld.

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Samarpan Sage Pradhan reviewed this
Rated 4/5
Finally !! i got something that does not need payment ...hehehe
Thank you so much Jasmine Kaur for publishing this article .It is really helpful ......
MSYashas added this note
nice!!!! Helped me a lot for my project!!!!!!!!!
MSYashas liked this
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