Importance of wildlife conservation
ue to the growing impact of deforestation, continuous efforts are being made by someanxious animal lovers to protect the endangered species of wildlife as well as those thatare on the verge of extinction and thus save the world from running out its greenheritage. Wildlife is important for four main reasons:
Beauty: Wild life provides aesthetic value to man. By their unique way of existence, wild creatures exaggerate the natural beauty of the earth.
Economic value: The financial value of wild species is important to theeconomies of several nations, as it provides many valuable substances like woodand other plant products, fibers, meat and other foods, and skins and furs. Manywild plants provide useful substances like timber, paper, gums etc. And they alsohave wide applications in Ayurveda and other branches of medicine.
Scientific value: Most important contribution of wild life for human progress isavailability of large genepool for the scientists to carry breeding programmes inagriculture, animal husbandry and fishery.By studying wildlife, scientists havegained valuable knowledge about various life processes and discoveredimportant medical products
Survival value: To maintain ecological 'balance of nature' and maintain foodchain and nature cycles.Wildlife helps in maintaining the balanced living systemsof earth, which consequently ensures survival of life.
Wild life of a country is its cultural asset.
ational Parks of India
The topography of Indian subcontinent is so varied that it supports a wide variety of wildlife. There is a huge population of animals as well as birds living in the wild regionsof the country. However, the threat of poaching, along with habitat loss, has led to arapid decline in the population of wild animals. To reverse this trend, numerous nationalparks as well as wildlife sanctuaries have been set up in India. These parks andsanctuaries are serving as the natural abode of the majority of wildlife and helping in theaugmentation of their population. In the following lines, I have covered some of thefamous Indian national park and wildlife sanctuary in India and provided a list at thebottom of the others covering most of them :