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A Report on Raising of Broilers

A Report on Raising of Broilers

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Published by Babu Ram Panthi

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Babu Ram Panthi on Jun 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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A Report on Raising of Broilers
2012
1
Introduction
Agriculture accounts for about 38.15%to gross domestic product (MOF, 2002), whichprovides employment to more than 81.1% of the economically active population (MoAC, 2001).The share of livestock to the AGDP is 31% (AROSC and JMA, 1995). According to DoLHS, there isannual demand, assuming 70% population take meat, is approximately 168,000 ton/year.Poultry farming have emerged as a major income generating enterprise in agriculturesector over the last three and a half decades. Today, poultry production has become one of themost rapidly growing enterprises within the reach of the poor, women, marginal farmers andentrepreneurs, considering the trends of population growth, urbanization, road access,transportation linkages, increasing awareness on nutrition and growing demand for consumerproducts, increasing international level restaurants, it will be safe to assume that poultry sectorwill constantly grow un a foreseeable future. In addition, since poultry farming are within thereach of all classes of society, including women, marginal farmers and schedule caste and
tribes, it could become one of the government’s strategic activities for poverty reduction and
for reaching the most disadvantaged socio economic groups.Domestication of poultry is said to be have started in Asia and there is evidence of 
domesticated chicks in china that goes back to 3000 B. C. It is believed that today’s breed
originated in India, since the earliest record of poultry dates back to about 3200 B.C. in thatcountry. Green Armytage (2003) reports, however, that archaeological evidence of chickens inIndia dates back only to 2000 B.C. Ketelaars and saxean (1992) indicate that the firstdomestication of fowl took place in china and not in south East Asia. Chickens appear in writingand artwork of ancient Greece. They may have been brought to Greece from Persia, andPersian soldiers brought them from India (Green Armytage, 2003)
 
Chickens have been bred in capacity in Egypt since about 1400 B.C. the red junglefowl, an Asian breed, is assumed to be the ancestor of our modern poultry breeds (West andZhou, 1989). The warm regions of world were the areas from which all modern breeds of chickens have evolved. Poultry were kept by farmers in china, India and East Asia long beforethey were known to Europeans and Americans (Van Wulfeten Palthe, 1992). Poultry as abusiness, however, was not known before the twentieth century. It was not until R.T.Maitlandwrote his manual and standards book for the poultry amateur, in which he describes thehusbandry, care and breeding of poultry with a short description of poultry strains present atthe time.History of poultry production in Nepal is not very old but, in non commercial scale itshistory is very old. Population of poultry in 2064/2065 was 2,46,65,820 in Nepal and 28,61,700
 
A Report on Raising of Broilers
2012
2
in chitwan district. Out of share of poultry of Nepal chitwan contributes 11.6%; share of poultrypopulation of chitwan is 69.07% of population of central development region (DLS-2008).Chitwan district has the highest position in poultry production. There are 300commercial layers firms, 150 commercial broiler firms, egg production 800000/day, meatproduction 2 ton/day, 26 hatcheries and 12 feed production firms (DLSO, 2007).
Statement of problems
Broilers production has encountered varieties of problems. The quality aspects of this sectorhave great problems. KFC, recently established multinational restaurants, has decided to importbroilers meat from Brazil shows that quality of product of our country is unable to meet thespecified demand of the company. Lack of GAP (Good Agricultural Practices) is the main reasonbehind it. Beside this, farmers are facing other problems such as, feeding management, housingmanagement and marketing management. Poultry feeding management is the most expensiveitem in the production of poultry meat and eggs. Feed only accounts for 70-80% cost (Pandaand Mohpatra, 1989; Opera, 1996) of production. Good nutrition allows broiler to fully expresstheir genetic endowment. Now a days, the great cost of poultry feed has been increasing due tothe price hike in conventional protein reach feed ingredients (Opera 1996). On the other hand,it is well realized that to obtain maximum profit, the poultry farmer mist use cheap andnutritive ration as well. However, poultry growers are feeding conventional rations but areassociated with high cost per unit of feed, whereas it has continuously computing in to thehuman and animal food as well (Singh M. K> et al, 2007). Attempts have been made to sourcesspecially to reduce the cost of protein.
Rationale of study
Poultry production and marketing has been the major source of income of most of thepeople in Chitwan. They are obtaining their better livelihood from the outcomes. Howeverthere are several problems being encountered during the production process which need to beidentified and solved systematically and scientifically and systematically. The purpose of ourproject leads us to acquaint to those problems as we reared broilers from their primary stage tobe commercial stage. The problem of feeding/ nutrition, sanitation, health/ vaccination againstdiseases and other production factor were completely studied and analyzed their effects oncommercial productivity.
 
A Report on Raising of Broilers
2012
3
Objectives
 
1.
 
General objective2.
 
The main objective of this research is to provide knowledge and skill of completepackage of practice for quality production of broiler in Rampur condition.
 3.
 
Specific objectives
The following are specific objectives have been fulfilled through this project work1.
 
To provide knowledge and skill about the conduction of research; classification, andanalysis of the data; report writing and presentation2.
 
To provide knowledge and skill about care and management of chicks.3.
 
To optimize growth.
Methods and Procedure:
Getting started:
The project work was started from Shrawan 15
th
, 2068.Remove all dirt and old litter from the house. Sweep the floor, walls, and ceiling. Wash
the house out thoroughly using a pressure nozzle, a lot of water and “elbow grease.” Repair the
windows, doors, screens and ventilators to prevent drafts and keep out predators. Use adisinfectant to disinfect the building and all the equipment.Cover the dry floor with 4 inches of dry litter. Use shavings, sawdust, or other available clean,dry material as litter. Put a brooder guard around the heat source, feeders, and waterers. Placethe feeders and waterers around the heat source so the heat is in the middle of the circle.Adjust the temperature to 95 degrees F. about 2 inches above the litter several hours beforethe chicks arrive. Fill feeders and waterers at the same time.
 Selection of the study area
The research work has been conducted at Livestock farm IAAS, Rampur
Sample size, sampling population, and sampling procedure
1.
 
204 broilers cob-1oo breed have been reared.2.
 
There were 7 groups which were formed to rear the broilers.3.
 
Total number of treatment was 4 with same replication.4.
 
For data recording average of 10 randomly selected birds were taken as a unit fromeach group.
 

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