Patrick C. Agonias 06/16/12AB
CDA, LJL3 PHIFOCY
THE SUNSHINE POLICY OF SOUTH KOREA
The Sunshine Policy is the foreign policy, formulated under the administration of formerPresident of South Korea Kim Dae-jung. It was mainly influenced by a number of variables.The first condition is that the Korean peninsula is considered as one of the last relics of the ColdWar in Asia. This kind of atmosphere has defied the global trend of progress towards a post-ColdWar order. Kim knew that the two Koreas have engaged in a vicious cycle of suspicion, distrustand mutual negation, often resulting in military clashes. He knows that this hostile stancetowards each other would be disadvantageous to both Koreas. In response, Kim pursues twogoals under his administration: to establish a peaceful coexistence and to ease the tensionsbetween the two states.The second condition is to maintain peace in the Korean peninsula. The South Koreangovernment knows that the North, despite its food shortage and poor economy it is still anenormous military power. They pose a tangible threat to South Korean security. The North isbelieved to go to any lengths to sustain its internal system, even the launch of suicide attacks.The third condition is
South Korea’s continued build up of national strength.
Democracy hastaken root and secured the legitimacy of its political system. In addition, the South has the upperhand when it comes to its economy over the North. Also, in terms of military power, the Southmaintains a sufficient deterrent through the South Korea
US alliance structure.The forth condition is that the North Korean economy must be revived. Not only will it save thepopulation from mass starvation and malnutrition, it would also ease the burden that will ensuein the unification process. The recovery of its economy is not only for humanitarian reasons butalso a necessary step towards the unification of both Koreas.Lastly, the Sunshine Policy itself is only a continuation of the unification policy of previousadministrations. In the past, the South Korean government has always pursued various policiesfor reconciliation and cooperation over the years with the North.The main principles of the Sunshine Policy are: no absorption of North Korea in the process of unification, intolerance of any armed provocation destructive to peace, the principle of reciprocity and the separation of the economy and politics.