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Life Cycle, Food and Environment of Bombyx Mori

Life Cycle, Food and Environment of Bombyx Mori

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Published by Babu Ram Panthi

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Published by: Babu Ram Panthi on Jun 16, 2012
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09/07/2013

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January 2012
L
IFE
C
YCLE
,
 
F
OOD AND
E
NVIRONMENT
R
EQUIREMENT OF
B
OMBYX MORI
 
Submitted To:
 
Mr. Minraj PokhrelAsst. ProfessorDepartment of EntomologyIAAS, Rampur Campus
Submitted By:
Babu Ram PanthiB.Sc.Ag. 8
th
SemRoll.No: 58IAAS, Rampur Campus
 
 Abstract 
The silkworm, Bombyx mori, is used for sericulture and is one of the most economically important insects in the world. The species of silkworm usually raised by sericulturists is B. mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae). Silkworms undergo complete metamorphosis. Larvae feed on theleaves of the mulberry (family Moraceae, genus Morus); they will consume other genera in this family, but growth rate is reduced. At 23 to 25°C the five instars require 25 to 30 days to hatch.Toward the end of fifth instar, B. mori spin a cocoon over a 3-day period and pupate within that cocoon; the pupal stage lasts for about 10 days. After molting to the adult has occurred insidethe cocoon, the moth emerges. The quality and quantity of mulberry leaves play an important role in growth and development of silkworm (Bombyx mori L), particularly during adult larval stage, which in turn influence the expression of cocoon productivity traits. This also leads to theincrease in body size and dry weight of cellular mass which are dependent on the rate of metabolism, absorption of nutrients, and stage of development. The larval growth, cocoonquality and nutritional indices are significantly higher when larvae are reared under optimumtemperature and humidity with adequate feed quantum as per the recommendation. Maintainoptimum range of temperature and humidity by artificial heating (electric heater etc.) or cooling(wet sand bed may be formed in the floor during dry season).Keywords: Bombyx mori, Morus alba, Larvae, Life Cycle, Food, Environment 
 
Table of Contents
1.
 
Background………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12.
 
Objectives…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 13.
 
Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………………………. ………. 2
 
Life Cycle………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 2
 
Food Requirement………………………………………………………………………………………… 4
 
Environment Requirement……………………………………………………………………………. 44.
 
Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 55.
 
Summary and Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5References

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