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Steady State Simulation

Steady State Simulation

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Published by Noha Morsy

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Published by: Noha Morsy on Jun 16, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Gas Processing Tutorial 1-1
1 Gas ProcessingTutorial
1-2 Introduction
1.1 Introduction
The gas processing simulation will be built using the followingbasic steps:1.Create a unit set.2.Choose a property package.3.Select the components.4.Create and specify the feed streams.5.Install and define the unit operations prior to the column.6.Install and define the column.In this Tutorial, a natural gas stream containing
, and
through n-C4
is processed in a refrigeration system toremove the heavier hydrocarbons. The lean, dry gas producedwill meet a pipeline hydrocarbon dew point specification. Theliquids removed from the rich gas are processed in adepropanizer column, yielding a liquid product with a specifiedpropane content.The following pages will guide you through building a HYSYScase to illustrate the complete construction of the simulation,from selecting a property package and components toexamining the final results. The tools available in the HYSYSinterface will be utilized to illustrate the flexibility available toyou.
A solved case is located in the file TUTOR1.HSC in yourHYSYS\Samples directory.Before proceeding, you should have read the introductorychapter which precedes the Tutorials in this guide.
Gas Processing Tutorial 1-3
1.2 Steady StateSimulation
1.2.1 Process Description
This tutorial will model a natural gas processing facility that usespropane refrigeration to condense liquids from the feed and adistillation tower to process the liquids. The flowsheet for thisprocess appears below.The combined feed stream enters an inlet separator, whichremoves the free liquids. Overhead gas from the Separator isfed to the gas/gas exchanger, where it is pre-cooled by alreadyrefrigerated gas. The cooled gas is then fed to the chiller, wherefurther cooling is accomplished through exchange withevaporating propane (represented by the C3Duty stream). Inthe chiller, which will be modeled simply as a Cooler, enoughheavier hydrocarbons condense such that the eventual sales gasmeets a pipeline dew point specification. The cold stream is thenseparated in a low-temperature separator (LTS). The dry, coldgas is fed to the gas/gas exchanger and then to sales, while thecondensed liquids are mixed with free liquids from the inletseparator. These liquids are processed in a depropanizer columnto produce a low-propane-content bottoms product.
Figure 1.1

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