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Www.ogre3d.org Tikiwiki Tiki-print.php Page Ref Id=273&Page=Intermediate Tutorial 1

Www.ogre3d.org Tikiwiki Tiki-print.php Page Ref Id=273&Page=Intermediate Tutorial 1

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Published by: David on Jun 16, 2012
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06/16/2012

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 Animation, Walking Between Points, and Basic Quaternions
 Any problems you encounter during working with this tutorial should be posted in the
Help Forum
.
Table of contents
IntroductionPrerequisitesGetting StartedSetting up the SceneAnimationMoving the RobotAdditional InformationWalking on terrain (aka modifying the robots y-axis)My robot does not face to the direction at the beginning?Exercises for Further StudyEasy QuestionsIntermediate QuestionsDifficult QuestionsExpert Questions1. Definitions2. Fair Use Rights3. License Grant4. Restrictions5. Representations, Warranties and Disclaimer 6. Limitation on Liability.7. Termination8. Miscellaneous
Introduction
In this tutorial we will be covering how to take an Entity, animate it, and have it walk between predefined points.This will also cover the basics of Quaternion rotation by showing how to keep the Entity facing the direction it ismoving. As you go through the demo you should be slowly adding code to your own project and watching theresults as we build it.You can see the final state of this tutorial
here
.
Prerequisites
This tutorial will assume that you already know how to set up an Ogre project and make it compile successfully.This tutorial also makes use of the STL deque data structure. While no prior knowledge of how to use a dequeis required, you should at least know what templates are. If you are not familiar with STL, I would recommendpicking up STL Pocket Reference [ISBN 0-596-00556-3]. This will save you a lot of time in the future.You can read the first part of "STL Pocket Reference"
here
Getting Started
First, you need to create a new project (I called it ITutorial01) and add the following code:
ITutorial01 header 
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#ifndef __ITutorial01_h_ #define __ITutorial01_h_ #include "BaseApplication.h"#include <deque> class ITutorial01:public BaseApplication{ public:ITutorial01(void ); virtual ~ITutorial01(void );  protected :virtualvoid createScene(void ); virtualvoid createFrameListener(void ); virtual bool nextLocation(void ); virtual bool frameRenderingQueued (constOgre::FrameEvent&evt); Ogre::RealmDistance;
// The distance the object hasleft to travel
Ogre:: Vector3mDirection;
// The direction the object is moving 
Ogre:: Vector3mDestination;
// The destination the objectis moving towards
Ogre:: AnimationState* mAnimationState;
// The current animation stateof the object
Ogre::Entity* mEntity;
// The Entity we are animating 
Ogre::SceneNode* mNode;
// The SceneNode that theEntity is attached to 
std ::deque <Ogre:: Vector3mWalkList;
// The list of points we arewalking to 
Ogre::RealmWalkSpeed ;
// The speed at which theobject is moving 
};#endif // #ifndef __ITutorial01_h_ #include "ITutorial01.h"
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ITutorial01::ITutorial01(void ) {
ITutorial01 implementation
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}
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ITutorial01::~ITutorial01(void ) {}
//-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
void ITutorial01::createScene(void ) {}void ITutorial01::createFrameListener(void ){ BaseApplication::createFrameListener(); } bool ITutorial01::nextLocation(void ){ returntrue;}  bool ITutorial01::frameRenderingQueued (constOgre::FrameEvent&evt){ returnBaseApplication::frameRenderingQueued (evt); }#if OGRE_PLATFORM == OGRE_PLATFORM_WIN32#define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN#include "windows.h"#endif#ifdef __cplusplusextern"C"{#endif#if OGRE_PLATFORM == OGRE_PLATFORM_WIN32INT WINAPI WinMain(HINSTANCE hInst,HINSTANCE,LPSTR strCmdLine,INT) #elseintmain(intargc,char*argv[]) #endif{
// Create application object
ITutorial01 app;try{app.go(); }catch(Ogre::Exception&e) { #if OGRE_PLATFORM == OGRE_PLATFORM_WIN32 MessageBox(NULL,e.getFullDescription().c_str(),"An exception has occured!",MB_OK |MB_ICONERROR |MB_TASKMODAL); #elsestd ::cerr<<"An exception has occured: "<< e.getFullDescription().c_str()<<std ::endl; #endif}
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