c.Generalship of Khalid bin Walid.
1. The Battle of Yarmuk was fought between the Muslims and the Romans in
The battle took place in the plain of the River Yarmuk, which is loc in the southernpart of present Syria. It was one of the most decisive battles fought by the Muslims for the raise of Islam after the demise of Prophet Mohammad (SM). The lightningoutflanking manoeuver and offensive spirit of the battle is note worthy. The plan, ldrshipqualities, the battle, the principles of war fol and lessons learnt from the battle is still thesubj to study in the modern warfare
Backgrd and Causes of Battle
2. After the demise of Prophet (SM) en of Islam thought that the newly formed Islamicstate under Caliph Abubakar (RA) would soon collapse. As a result some of the ArabChristians and Jewish tribes refused to pay Jiziya (Tax for non-Muslims) any more.When it became an open rebellion, the Caliph started sending his force to restore lawand order sit .At this time the Roman emperior
became the unchallengedruler of Constantinople, Greece, North African and Persia. Some of the dissident ArabChristians sought military support from the Roman Emperior against the Muslims. Butmost of his expeditions failed to defeat Muslims. Romans were badly defeated by
in the battle of
in the battle of
and Abu Ubaida and Khalid spoiled their attempt to retake Damascus. Muslimscontinued their victory and took almost whole Palestine and Syria. After evaluatingoverall sit, Heraclius decided to org a massive force to gain an overwhelmingsuperiority. In the mean time Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) died. Thinking this to be the correcttime, Heraclius decided to mob a large well-trained force to destroy the Muslims oncefor all. However the maj causes are as fol :a.Deny paying tax (Jizia) by Non Muslim.b.Anti Muslim collaboration.c.Defeat in the Battle of Aznadyn (Jordan) and Beisan.d.Death of first Caliph Abu Bakr (RA).e.Destroying the Islamic ideology.