Vol. 8 VINYL ALCOHOL POLYMERS 401
Table 1. Physical Properties of Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Property Value Remarks Appearance White to ivory white granu-lar powderSpeciﬁc gravity 1.27–1.31 Increases with degree of crystallinityTensile strength, MPa
(98–99% hydrolyzed)67–110 Increases with degree of crystallinity (heat treat-ment), and molecularweight, decreases withincreasing humidityTensile strength, MPa(87–89% hydrolyzed)24–79 Increases with molecularweight and decreaseswith increasing humidityElongation, % 0–300 Increases with increasinghumidityThermal coefﬁcient of expansion per
Speciﬁc heat, J/(g
K)0.2Glass-transitiontemperature, K 358 98–99% hydrolyzed331 87–89% hydrolyzedMelting point, K 503 98–99% hydrolyzed453 87–89% hydrolyzedElectrical resistivity,
Thermal stability Gradual discoloration above100
C; darkens rapidlyabove 150
C; rapid decom-position above 200
C)1.55Degree of crystallinity 0–0.54 Increases with heat treat-ment and degree of hy-drolysisStoragestability(solid) Indeﬁnite when protectedfrom moistureFlammability Burns similarly to paperStability in sunlight Excellent
To convert MPa to psi, multiply by 145.
To convert J to cal, divide by 4.184.
A more reliable melting point is obtained in this manner. The melting points de-termined by the diluent method are 255–267
C for commercial superhydrolyzedPVA (greater than 99% hydrolysis). The melting point determined by meltingpoint depression caused by noncrystallizing comonomer units assumes as a ﬁrstapproximation that the vinyl acetate units are randomly distributed. This as-sumption usually does not apply to commercial PVA. The extrapolated values of