Wires and connectionsComponent Circuit Symbol Function of Component
WireTo pass current very easily from onepart of a circuit to another.Wires joinedA 'blob' should be drawn where wiresare connected (joined), but it issometimes omitted. Wires connected at'crossroads' should be staggeredslightly to form two T-junctions, asshown on the right.Wires not joinedIn complex diagrams it is oftennecessary to draw wires crossing eventhough they are not connected. I preferthe 'bridge' symbol shown on the rightbecause the simple crossing on the leftmay be misread as a join where youhave forgotten to add a 'blob'!
Power SuppliesComponent Circuit Symbol Function of Component
CellSupplies electrical energy.The larger terminal (on the left) ispositive (+).A single cell is often called a battery, butstrictly a battery is two or more cells joined together.BatterySupplies electrical energy. A battery ismore than one cell.The larger terminal (on the left) ispositive (+).DC supplySupplies electrical energy.DC = Direct Current, always flowing inone direction.AC supplySupplies electrical energy.AC = Alternating Current, continuallychanging direction.