SGK Election Campaign Financing: Transparency Assessment
Voter Education Center R. Burmaa
legislation. Following this discussion, the VEC informed policy makers and other relevantstakeholders of the identified irregularities.The Parliamentary (SGK) Election Law, amended in December 29, 2005, was applicable tothe 2008 Parliamentary Election and this enabled the VEC to highlight the advantages anddisadvantages of the law, and the problems associated with its implementation.Based on the aforementioned difficulties, the VEC conducted an implementation assessmentsurvey on the provisions regulating election financing, and subsequently initiated multilateralpublic discussions on the topic, aiming to propose concrete recommendations for movingforward.
CHAPTER ONEELECTION CAMPAIGN FINANCING:TRANSPARENCY AND INTERNATIONAL PRACTICES1.
Election campaign financing and transparency: the impact of money on politics
Countries around the world are paying closer attention to the flow of money in politics.Although spending money on elections and political party financing are standard practices,the
“improper” use of money brings distortion and unfairnes
s to the political process, andcreates grounds for corruption. Providing support to ensuring transparency in the flow of money in political processes is therefore central to the consolidation of democracy anddevelopment in Mongolia.
The term “political funding”
encompasses both funding for political parties and electioncampaigning.
Transparency in election campaign and political party financing is related tothe following information:
Who is providing money?
How much money is provided?
Who is receiving money?
For what purposes is money used?
One. The impact of money in politics
Without appropriate regulatory mechanisms, money can negatively influence politics in thefollowing ways:1.
Creating unfairness in the political field:
Large amounts of money provide preferential rights to political parties andcandidates who have access to these sums;
If incumbent parties obtain control of state funds, they gain preferential rights inthe election by abusing them;
State control of media institutions further promotes unfair competition.
Money in Politics Handbook: A Guide to Increasing Transparency in Emerging Democracies,
United StatesAgency for International Development.