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Jacques Cardinal (b. 1798)

Jacques Cardinal (b. 1798)

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Jacques Cardinal is a Metis fur trade patriarch associated with the Jasper area of Alberta since the early 1800s.
Jacques Cardinal is a Metis fur trade patriarch associated with the Jasper area of Alberta since the early 1800s.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Jun 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/25/2013

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Fmdquhs Dmraebm`
=
 
)c" =>59%Cy Mshbewudih ^ebhwmo Bmtelb lj DmbmamM`tiluni tihrh mrh bl Dmraebm`s eb Nrmbah Dmdih tlamy, tih nhbhm`lnehs th`` us timt klst lj tih `ldm` jmke`ehs mrh rh`mtha tl tih Dmraebm`s, wil whrh mssldemtha weti Fmsphr eb tih hmr`y=977―s" Qih bmkh es lrenebm``y Jrhbdi mba tih klvh jrlk ]uhchd tl tih whst wms `eboha tltih jur trmah"Qih rhdlras lj tih Kushh Ihretmnh eb Tt" M`chrt ebaedmth timt tihrh wms m Flshpi Dmraebm` clrb eb Klbtrhm` wil kmrreha m `may bmkha Mekmc`h Ekcmu`tIebchmu )c" =>4>%" Qihdlup`h ima m slb bmkha FlshpiKmtdiedmplls Dmraebm`, wil wms clrb eb Klbtrhm` eb =>8:mba aeha eb @md `m Cedih eb =981 lr =98:" Eb =911, ih kmrreha @luesh Jrlcesihr )c" =>>3%"Eb =>9>, Flshpi wlroha jlr Ter M`hxmbahr KmdOhbzeh lj tih B^D" Eb =>55, ih wms wetiAmvea Qilkpslb lb tih Chmvhr Sevhr" Eb =973 mba =974, ih webthrha mt tih Whmdh Sevhr Jlros" Flshpi wms `estha ms mb ebthrprhthr jlr tih B^D mt Jlrt ahs Wrmerehs eb =971" Eb=975, ih wms weti tih B^D mt Jlrt Zhrke``elb" Eb =9=7, ih wms weti tih smkh dlkpmby mtJlrt Qhrrh C`mbdih" Ih kmrreha Esmch``h Dmplt+Zhrt eb =919"Qih rhdlras ebaedmth timtFlshpi wms kmrreha tirhh tekhs mba wlroha jlr tih B^D ms wh`` ms tih ICD ms mbebthrprhthr eb tih Haklbtlb — Whmdh Sevhr — Sldoy Klubtmeb mrhm" Flshpi mba @luesh imam slb bmkha Fmdquhs, wil wms clrb eb =>59 bhmr Jlrt Wett" Blth timt Fmdquhs wms clrb`lbn chjlrh tih dlup`h wms kmrreha" Qies wms blt mb ubusum` dustlk eb tilsh amys" Fmdquhswms kmrreha twedh"
3
 Ies jerst wejh, wil wms clrb eb =978, wms Flshtth Dresh )tih Jrhbdiwmy lj smyebn timt sih wms Drhh%" Qihy ima henit die`arhb ebd`uaebn m slb bmkha Fmdquhs"^ihb Hrkmtebnhr kht Fmdquhs Dmraebm` mt Fmsphr, ih ebaedmtha timt tih jmke`y kenit imvh chhb eb tih vm``hy sebdh =975" Eb =931, Ter Nhlrnh Tekpslb lj tih Iuaslb Cmy Dlkpmbykht Fmdquhs mt @md `m Cedih" Tekpslb kmah m ahm` weti Dmraebm` tl dut m ilrsh trme` jrlkjlrt Mssebeclebh tl Haklbtlb Ilush" Mt slkh plebt, Dmraebm` klvha jrlk @md `m Cedih tlFmsphr" Eb =938, m cltmbest bmkha Qilkms Arukklba wms eb Fmsphr weti Fmdquhs, wil wmsahsdrecha ms chebn mb ‐l`a Dmbmaemb‛, wil `lloha mjthr tih Dlkpmby―s ilrshs" Dmkp ahDmraebh``h eb Fmsphr es bmkha jlr Fmdquhs Dmraebm`" ^h oblw timt ih ohpt ilrshs mt ties sethms jmr cmdo ms =93>" Qih ilrshs whrh usha cy tih jur trmah crenmahs, wiedi whbt lvhr Mtimcmsdm Wmss" Eb =93>, tih cltmbest, Amvea Alun`ms kht Fmdquhs eb Fmsphr mt Dmkpa―Lrenebm`" Eb =939, Fmdquhs kht Hrkmtebnhr mnmeb" Ih supp`eha Hrkmtebnhr weti ilrshsmba hvhbtum``y mddlkpmbeha iek tl Jlrt Mssebeclebh" Eb =948, wihb Dl`eb Jrmshr wms puteb dimrnh lj Fmsphr Ilush, Fmdquhs wms dlbseahrha tl ch lbh lj tih `hmahrs lj tih `ldm`Khtes dlkkubety" Tlkh phlp`h tiebo timt Fmdquhs es cureha mt Nrmvh J`mts, cut et shhks
=
Cy =917, Fmdquhs Dmraebm` wms mb Msebe ^mdie ^e Ebewmo Diehj `hmaebn m kexha Khtes cmba )Khtes+Dimb Qlbnm Bmolam% mt Fmsphr" Qih Msshbewudih ^ebhwmo lj whsthrb M`chrtm mrh `mrnh`y ahsdhbaha jrlkErlqules kmrreha ebtl Drhh mba Bmolam"
3
Flmdiek Jrlkil`a )37=7% blths6 ‐Lbh lj ies wevhs wms Whhdihh Esohw, tih amunithr lj Diehj Whshw,Ihma Diehj lj tih Klubtmeb Drhh" Ies amunithr kmrreha ies suphrelr, jur trmahr Kedimh` O`ybh )D`ebh lr O`heb%" O`ybh )Fmdquhs Dmraebm`―s slb+eb+`mw% wms m Nhrkmb trmahr weti tih ICD, mba tih kmeb kmb chieba tih mbbum` Ollthbmy W`mebs Shbahzvlus" Ih `mthr rhterha tl Sha Sevhr weti ies jmke`y" Mbltihr amunithr, Tuzmbbh, kmrreha m suddhsslr Dl`eb Jrmshr" Eb ies `mthr yhmrs Fmdquhs Dmraebm` wms klrh +lr+ `hssdiehj lj tih Twmkpy Nrluba Bmolam" Ies bukhrlus ahsdhbambts tlamy mrh `mrnh`y Drhh lr MssebeclebhEbaembs weti m `mrnh crmbdi lj tih jmke`y eb blrtihrb Whmdh Sevhr dlubtry"‛
 
klrh `eoh`y timt ih cureha mclut jejthhb ke`hs alwbstrhmk lb tih Dmraebm` Sevhr wihrh ethbthrs tih Crmzhmu"Mbarh Dmraebm`, wil wms clrb eb tih Fmsphr Zm``hy eb =935, wms Fmdquhs― slb wetiKmrnuhreth Ahsfmr`mes, wil wms ies shdlba wejh" Eb =98:, Mbarh kmrreha Slsm`eh Crh`mba)c" =948 eb Fmsphr%, wilsh kltihr wms mb Erlqules jrlk Fmsphr bmkha QihrhshOwmrmowmbth" Qih dlup`h ima shvhb die`arhb? Kmreh Fu`eh, Fustebh, Direstebh, Kmreh Slsh,D`hkhbdh, @luesh mba Mbnh`equh" ^h oblw timt Ihbry Flib Klchr`y kht Mbarh eb Fmsphr eb =988" ^ihb Fmsphr Ilush wms blt lddupeha jrlk =98> tl =989, et wms Mbarh wil ohptmb hyh lb et jlr tih ICD" Ih m`sl rlubaha up slkh lj tih 487 ilrshs timt whrh rlmkebn tihFmsphr Zm``hy mba tllo tihk tl Haklbtlb jlr tih Dlkpmby" Eb =989, et wms Mbarh wilmddlkpmbeha I" F" Klchr`y tl Fmsphr Ilush" Eb =9:3, tih Lvhr`mbahrs ierha Mbarh ms mnueah tl nht tihk tirluni tih Mtimcmsdm Wmss tl Qhth Fmubh Dmdih" Lb tih trep, tihy pmsshaKlubt Slcslb" Mbarh ebaedmtha timt ih ima lb`y shhb tih tlp lj tih jmklus klubtmeb lbdheb twhbty+bebh prhvelus treps" Eb =985, Mbarh nueaha jlr tih Hmr` lj Tlutihso lb iesjmklus flurbhy tirluni tih mrhm" @mthr, Mbarh shtt`ha bhmr Tt" M`chrt"Mddlraebn tl tih Kmdpihrslb amtmcmsh, Tuzmbbh OmrmolbteDmraebm` wms clrb mclut =948"Tih wms tih amunithr lj m @lues Omrmolbte aet Ahomrm, )tih slb lj tih lrenebm` @luesOwmrmowmbth% mba Kmrnuhreth Dmraebm` )wil wms m sesthr lj Fmdquhs mba ahsdhbaha jrlktih lrenebm` Flshpi Dmraebm`%" Qihy whrh kmrreha eb =984, cut prlcmc`y `evha tlnhtihr msiuscmba mba wejh ubte` mt prehst impphbha tl ch mvme`mc`h tl phrjlrk tih dhrhklby" TebdhFmdquhs mba Kmrnuhreth whrh crltihr mba sesthr, sih mba Mbarh whrh dlusebs" Qih jmdt timtsih usha tih surbmkh Dmraebm` ims juh`ha sphdu`mtelb timt Ahomrm wms blt ihr cel`lnedm`jmtihr, cut rmtihr ihr malptha jmtihr" Mt slkh plebt, sih kmrreha Flshpi Nmudihr )Nmutiehr  c" =939%, weti wilk sih ima m die`a bmkha Esmch``h" Tuzmbbh ims m Nrmbah Dmdihdlbbhdtelb chdmush sih kmrreha Ihbry Flib Klchr`ygg, tih pmtremrdi lj tih Nrmbah DmdihKlchr`ys" ^h oblw timt Tuzmbbh wms pmrt Mssebeclebh lr Ttlbhy mba timt ihr Mclrenebm`bmkh wms ‐Wenhlb Imwo‛" Qihy whrh kmrreha lb Ldtlchr 5, =9:=, tih amy chjlrh IhbryFlib `hjt Fmsphr" Qih kmrremnh wms m jlrkm`ety, ms tihy ima chhb `evebn ms iuscmba mba wejhjlr slkh tekh" Mppmrhbt`y, Tuzmbbh aea blt wmbt tl `hmvh Fmsphr wihb ihr iuscmba―s tekhmt tih ICD plst wms up, sl tih jlrkm` kmrremnh wms prlcmc`y ebthbaha tl nht ihr slkh chbhjets jrlk tih Dlkpmby" Qihrh es bl rhdlra lj sudi chbhjets chebn mwmraha" Qies dlu`a ch chdmush tih plst wms mcmbalbha silrt`y mjthr I" F" Klchr`y `hjt" Ihbry Flib mbaTuzmbbh ima twl slbs? Hwmb )prlblubdha My+vlb% mba Flib" Tuzmb jh`` e`` eb =578 wie`hdmkpha lb tih Kehtth Sevhr weti Al`pius Klchr`y, ihr nrmbaslb" Al`pius kmah m trmvlestl trmbsplrt ihr tl m ilush timt ima lbdh chhb lwbha cy Albm`a KdAlbm`a bhmr tihklahrb amy lvhrpmss chtwhhb Ke`h > mba 9" Qies es wihrh sih aeha" Tih wms cureha mtHwmb―s p`mdh lb Kmy 8, =578 weti Mamk Flmdiek prhseaebn lvhr tih jubhrm`" @hwes Twejtkmah tih dljjeb"Kmry Dmraebm` wms tih amunithr lj Kmah`hebh Dmraebm`, wil wms lj Erlqules ahsdhbt mba msesthr lj Kedimh` Dmraebm`" Kmah`hebh, wil aeha mt tih mnh lj henity, eb =575, es cureha ebtih Klchr`y Dhkhthry bhmr Iebtlb" Mt slkh plebt, Kmry kmrreha Fmdo Nrhnn, wil wms mbMkhredmb wil klvha tl tih Iebtlb mrhm" Mppmrhbt`y sih ima twl amunithrs? @udy mbaM`edh jrlk m prhvelus kmrremnh" Kmry es drhaetha weti ih`pebn S" ^" Clc Flbhs weti

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