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Published by Richard Tirado

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Published by: Richard Tirado on Jun 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Greatest rainfall in a day:
73.62 inches (RØunion, Indian Ocean;March 15, 1952)
Greatest rainfall in a year:
1,041 inches (Assam, India; August 1880-1881)
World's one minute rainfall record:
July 4, 1956, 1.23 inches of rainfell in Unionville, MD.
Greatest snowfall in a day:
75.8 inches (Silver Lake, Colorado; April14-15, 1921)
Greatest snowfall in a single storm:
189 inches (Mt. Shasta,California; February 13-19, 1959)
Saratoga Springs, NY greatest snowfall:
58 inches (1888, March 11-14)
Largest hailstone:
17.5 inches (Coffeyville, Kansas; September 3,1979) , wieght 1.67 pounds
Fastest surface wind speed:
231 miles per hour (Mount Washington,New Hampshire; April 12, 1934)
Fastest tornado winds:
286 miles per hour (Wichita Falls, Texas; April2, 1958)
Highest world temperature:
136° F / 58° C, Al Aziziyah, Libya, 13September, 1922
Highest USA temperature:
134° F / 56.7° C, Death Valley, California,10 July, 1913(neither 140° F / 6C at Delta Mexico 8/1933 or 136.4° F / 58° C33 atSan Luis Mexico, 8/11/1933 are internationally accepted)
Lowest world temperature
: -128.6°F / -89.6°C, Vostok Station,Antarctica, 21 July 1983--without windchill.
Lowest world temperature in inhabited area:
-90.4° F / -68° C,Oymyakon, Siberia (pop. 4,000), 6 February, 1933 and also atVerkhoyansk, Siberia, 3 January, 1885.
Lowest USA temperature:
-79.8° F / -62.1° C, Prospect Creek, Alaska,23 January, 1971.
Lowest USA (48 contiguous states) temperature:
-69.7° F / -56.5° C,Rogers Pass, Montana, 20 January, 1954.
Lowest Northern Hemisphere Temperature:
-81°F /-62.78°C; Snag,Yukon Territory(Canada); 2 February, 1947.
Fastest tornado winds:
286 miles per hour (Wichita Falls, Texas; April2, 1958).
Longest tornado path:
293 miles on the ground, 1917, traveled fromMissouri to Indiana.
The amount of sunlight reaching the earth's surface is 6,000 times the amountof energy used by all human beings worldwide. The total amount of fossil fuelused by humans since the start of civilization is equivalent to less than 30days of sunshine.
The summer of 1995 was so hot that at the end of August, methane emittedwithin big bales of freshly-cut hay in Missouri began spontaneouslycombusting.
Only two states have record highs no greater than 100 degrees. These areAlaska and Hawaii.
Tree crickets are called the poor man's thermometer because temperaturedirectly affects their rate of activity. Count the number of chirps a cricketmakes in 15 seconds, then add 37. The sum will be very close to the outsidetemperature!
How far away is lightning? During a storm, count the number of secondsbetween the flash of lightning and the sound of thunder, then divide by two.The answer reveals how many miles away the lightning is.
What causes a red sun? The red or orange color of the rising or setting sun iscaused by the increased distance through our atmosphere its rays must passbefore reaching our eyes. Our thick impurity-laden lower atmosphere onlyallows the red tones to pass through it. As the sun rises higher in the sky, itslight passes through a shorter distance of thick atmosphere. It loses its reddertone and takes on its characteristic yellow color.How fast do raindrops fall? Not including wind-driven rain, raindrops fallbetween 7 and 18 miles per hour (3 and 8 meters per second) in still air. Therange in speed depends on the the size of the raindrop. Air friction breaks upraindrops when they exceed 18 miles per hour.Can lightning strike twice in the same place? Yes! The old adage of lightningnever striking twice in the same place is totally false. Lightning is not limited toa one-bolt action. Many lightning flashes are of a multiple variety and maystrike repeatedly in a few seconds. Up to 22 consecutive lightning strokeshave been observed in a multiple flash.
Clouds are dense masses of water drops and ice crystals that are so tiny they float highin the air.
Cumulus clouds are fluffy white clouds. They pile up as warm air rises and cool to thepoint where water vapour condenses.
Strong up draughts creates huge cumulonimbus, or thunder, clouds.
Stratus clouds are vast shapeless clouds that form when a layer of air cools to the pointwhere moisture condenses. They may bring long periods of light rain.
Cumulonimbus thunder clouds are the tallest clouds, often over 10 km high.
Cumulus clouds build up in fluffy piles as warm, moist air rises. Once it reaches about2000 m, the air cools enough for clouds to form.
Cirrus clouds are wispy and form so high up they are made entirely of ice. Strong winds
blow them into „mares tails‟.
Low clouds lie below 2000 m above the ground. They include stratus and stratocumulusclouds (the spread tops of cumulus clouds).
Middle clouds often have the prefix „alto‟ and lie from 2000 m to 6000 m up. They
include rolls of altocumulus cloud, and thin sheets called altostratus.
High-level clouds are ice clouds up to 11,000 m up. They include cirrus, cirrostratus andcirrocumulus.
Contrails are trails of ice crystals left by jet aircraft.
the atmosphere was first created by the fumes pouring out from the volcanoes that covered theearly Earth 4000 million years ago. But it was changed as rocks and seawater absorbed carbondioxide, and then algae in the sea built up oxygen levels over millions and millions of years.
The mesosphere contains few gases but it is thick enough to slow down meteorites.They burn up as they hurtle into it, leaving fiery trails in the night sky. Temperaturesdrop from 10°C to
120°C 80 km up.
The stratosphere glows faintly at night because sodium from salty sea spray reactschemically in the air.
n the atmosphere, the temperatures are very high, but there is so little gas thatthere is little heat.
Temperatures rise from
120°C to 2000°C 700 km up.
one inch of rain is equivalent to how many inches of snow?a. 10 inches

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