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High Albania It Scu 00 Dur h

High Albania It Scu 00 Dur h

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Published by: mallakastrioti on Jun 17, 2012
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11/14/2012

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3
1822
02752
7027
I
^
HIGH
ALBANIA
AND
ITS
CUSTOMS
IN
1908.
M.
EDITH
DURHAM.
[WITH
PLATE
XXXI.]
alifornia
?ional
lility
PU^:^ISHED
BY
THE
50,
GREAT
RUSSELL
STREET,
LONDON,
W.C.
 
Social
Sciences
&
Humanities
Library
University
of
California,
San
Diego
Please
Note:
This
item
is
subject
to
recall.
Date
Due
 
HIGH
ALBANIA
AND
ITS
CUSTOMS
IN
1908.
By
M.
Edith
Durham,
[With
Plate
XXXI.]
High
Albania
is
the
large
tract
of
mountain
land
which
forms
the
north-west
corner
of
Turkey
in
Europe.
It
is
the
only
spot
in
Europe
in
which
the
tribal
system
has
been
preserved
intact
up
to
the
present
day
and
along
with
it
a
mass
of
very
ancientcustoms.
Changes
are
now
sweeping
rapidly
overthe
Balkan
peninsula,
and
it
is
with
the
hope
of
inducing
someone
better
qualified
thanmyself
to
go
and
investigate
on
the
spot,
before
itis
too
late,
that
Iwill
try
and
give
an
idea
of
the
very
primitive
conditions
which
still
prevail.
Writing
has,
it
appears,
alwaysbeen
an
art
unknown
to
the
tribesman,
consequently
he
possesses
an
extraordinary
memory,
and
has
handed
down
quantities
oforal
traditions,
most
of
which
remain
to
be
collected.
Life
is
very
rough,
but
the
dangers
of
travelin
North
Albania
have
been
ridiculously
exaggerated.
In
most
places
I
was
received
with
enthusiasm.
Many
districts
did
not
remember
havingbeen
visited
by
an
Englishman,
but
had
received
a
few
Austrians
or
Germans
;
and
a
few
had
not
admitted
any
foreigner
at
all
for
years.
Insuchthey
only
knew
of
the
King
of
England
vaguely,
as
one
of
the
Seven
Kings
who
are
believed
to
squat
in
a
circle
and
arrange
the
affairs
of
Europe.
One
of
the
seven
is
the
King
of
France,
and
one,
I
believe,
the
King
of
Poland.
The
Albanian
tribesman
does
not
call
himself
Albanian,
but
Shcypctaar,
and
his
land
Shci/jmii.
He
says
lie
is
the
son
of
an
eagle
{ShcypS),
and
his
laud
is
the
land
ofeagles.
His
languagegrammatically
belongs
to
the
so-called
Aryan
group,
and
he
boasts
and
believes
that
he
is
the
oldest
thing
in
the
Balkan
peninsula
it
was
his
before
the
coming
of
the
Slav
or
Turk,
and
he
hates
each
with
a
bitter
Balkan
hatred.
There
is,
I
believe,
no
valid
reason
for
doubting
that
he
is
the
more
or
less
direct
descendent
of
theancient
Illyrian
tribes
that
dwelt
in
the
land
when
we
first
have
record
of
it.
lioman,
Slav,
and
Turk
have
in
turn
held
the
Balkan
peninsula.
But
the
mountain
tribesman
has
never
been
more
than
nominall}^
conquered
and
is
still
unsubdued.
Empires
pass
over
him
and
run
off
like
water
from
a
duck's
back.
"When
I
arrived
in
Scutari,
Albania,
the
capital,
travelling
in
the
mountains
was
strictly
forbidden
by
the
Turkish
Government,
as
the
tribes
were
in
almost
a

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