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Published by: Nursafitri Ruchyat Marioen on Jun 17, 2012
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10/27/2013

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Factors in Engineering Economy
 
Excel Functions
P = Present Value = PV (i%,n,A,F)F = Future Value = FV (i%,n,A,P)A = Equal, Periodic Value = PMT (i%,n,P,F)n = Number of Periods = NPER (i%,A,P,F)i = Compound Interest Rate = RATE (i%,A,P,F)EXERCISES1.
 
How much money should you be willing to pay now for a guaranteed $600 per year for 9years starting next year, at a rate of return of 16% per year?Answer :A = 600 per yearn = 9 yearsi = 16 % = 0,16Menggunakan rumus :P = A
*
()
()
+
 P = 600
*
()
()
+
 P = 2763,93Menggunakan fungsi di excel :F(x) = PV(i%;n;A;F)F(x) = PV(0,16;9;600;0)P = $2763,932.
 
Determine the value of the A/P factor for an interest rate of 7.3% and n of 10 years, that is,(A/P, 7.3%, 10).Answer :i
1
= 7 %
A/P factor = 0,14328i
2
= 8 %
A/P factor =0,14903i = 7,3 %
A/P factor dengan n = 10 years ?
 
y = 0.575x + 0.103R² = 10.1420.1430.1440.1450.1460.1470.1480.1490.157%7%8%8%9%
   A    /   P
i
A/P factor untuk n= 10 tahun
Diperoleh persamaan :y = 0,575x + 0,103y = (0,575×7,3%)+0,103 = 0,144975Jadi A/P factor untuk i = 7,3% dengan n = 10 adalah 0,144975.3.
 
HP has completed a study indicating that $50,000 in reduced maintenance this year on oneprocessing line resulted from improved integrated circuit (IC) fabrication technology basedon rapidly changing designs.a.
 
If HP considers these types of savings worth 20% per year, find the equivalent value of this result after 5 years.b.
 
If the $50,000 maintenance savings occur now, find its equivalent value 3 years earlierwith interest at 20% per year.Answer :a.
 
P = $50000, i =20%, n = 5 years, F ?Menggunakan rumus :F = P(1+i)
n
 F = 50000(1+0,2)
5
 F = 12441Menggunakan fungsi excel :F(x) = FV(i%;n;A;P)F(x) = FV(20%;5;0;50000)F = $124416
 
b.
 
i = 20%n = 3 tahunF = 50000P ?Menggunakan rumus :P = F
*
()
+
 P = 50000
*
()
+
 P = 28935,2Menggunakan fungsi excel :F(x) = PV(i%;n;A;F)F(x) = PV(0,2;3;0;50000)P = $28935,24.
 
Three contiguous counties in Florida have agreed to pool tax resources already designatedfor county-maintained bridge refurbishment. At a recent meeting, the county engineersestimated that a total $500,000 will be deposited at the end of the next year into an accountfor the repair of old and safety-questionable bridges throughout the three-county area.Further, they estimate that the deposits will increase by $100,000 per year for only 9 yearsthereafter, then cease. Determine the equivalent:a.
 
Present worth if county funds earn interest at a rate of 5% per year.b.
 
Annual series amounts if county funds earn interest at a rate of 5% per year.Answer :a.
 
A
1
= 500000, G = 100000, n = 9 years, i = 5 %Mencari A, A = A
1
+ A
2
 A
2
=
*
()

+
 A
2
=
*

()

+
 A
2
= 409908,5A = A
1
+ A
2
= 409908,5 + 500000 = 909908,5Kemudian, mencari P
1
dengan n = 10F(x) = PV(i%;n;A;F)F(x) = PV(5%;10;909908,5)P
1
= 7026072

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