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Femtocell UBS-21!92!028 Femto Cell Macro Layer Study

Femtocell UBS-21!92!028 Femto Cell Macro Layer Study

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© 2007
 
UbiquiSys Limited –Company Confidential
UBS-21-92-028 V1.0.0 (2007-1-13)
White paper 
ZoneGate
Impact of 3G Femto Cells on Existing 3GNetworks
© 2007 UbiquiSys Limited
. All rights are reserved; reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited withoutwritten consent of the copyright owners.
 
ZoneGate Impact of 3G Femto Cells on Existing 3G Networks Page 2/40
 
UBS-21-92-028 V1.0.0 (2007-1-13)
 
© 2007
 
UbiquiSys Limited –Company Confidential
Contents
1
 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY...........................................................................................................................3
 
2
 
REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................................6
 
3
 
DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS..................................................................................................7
 
4
 
INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................................................8
 
5
 
A BRIEF SUMMARY OF 3GPP HOME NODEB INTERFERENCE STUDIES................................10
 
5.1
 
H
OME
N
ODE
B
 
W
ORKING
G
ROUP
P
RELIMINARY
C
ONCLUSIONS
............................................................10
 
5.2
 
C
LOSED
S
UBSCRIBER
G
ROUP AND
C
O
-C
HANNEL
 /A
DJACENT
C
HANNEL
D
EPLOYMENT
.........................11
 
5.3
 
O
PEN
S
UBSCRIBER
G
ROUP AND
C
O
-C
HANNEL
D
EPLOYMENT
................................................................13
 
5.4
 
HNB
TO
HNB
 
D
EPLOYMENTS
...............................................................................................................14
 
6
 
DESCRIPTION OF THE NETWORK SIMULATION TOOL.............................................................16
 
7
 
FEMTO CELL AND MACRO LAYER NETWORK LAYER SIMULATIONS.................................20
 
7.1
 
F
EMTO
C
ELLS IN AN
U
RBAN
E
NVIRONMENT
..........................................................................................21
 
7.2
 
F
EMTO
C
ELLS IN A
S
UBURBAN
E
NVIRONMENT
......................................................................................25
 
8
 
DOWN LINK AND UP LINK POWER ADAPTATION TEST RESULTS..........................................33
 
9
 
CONCLUSIONS.........................................................................................................................................39
 
ANNEX A CHANGE HISTORY......................................................................................................................40
 
 
ZoneGate Impact of 3G Femto Cells on Existing 3G Networks Page 3/40
 
UBS-21-92-028 V1.0.0 (2007-1-13)
 
© 2007
 
UbiquiSys Limited –Company Confidential
1
 
Executive Summary
Prior to any large scale deployment of 3G femto cells mobile network operators (MNOs) will want tounderstand the possible effect that the co-channel and adjacent channel radio frequency (RF) interference causedby this new technology may have on their existing Macro Layer networks. Regulatory bodies will also need tounderstand the effect one operator‘s femto cell deployment may have on another operator’s existing MacroLayer to ensure harmonious coexistence. Furthermore with limited availability of 3G spectrum worldwide it isimportant to understand the effect interference will have as the femto cell market grows and matures. A range of internal and external activities have been underway to understand the effect of interference. The objective of thispaper is to provide a brief summary of these studies and then to extend the current understanding of this topic byfocussing on a number of key issues.Over the last two years UbiquiSys in collaboration with various network operators and an independentconsulting company Red-M, have been investigating the effect of interference and the management thereof. Thiswork has resulted in various RF trials [2], [3] and theoretical studies [1] which have focussed on the followingkey areas:
 
Coverage of the femto cell when operating on a co-channel and adjacent channel as occupied by theMacro Layer.
 
The impact on both the Macro Layers Down Link (DL) and Up Link (UL) coverage caused by thefemto cell and its mobiles (UEs) when operating on the same or adjacent carrier.
 
The performance evaluation of the femto cell radio resource management algorithms (RRM) known asnetwork monitor mode and the associated DL and UL power adaptation and data rate adaptationalgorithms. Where applicable the evaluation of the effect of these algorithms on the Macro Layer.
 
The evaluation that one femto cell may have on others when they are collocated (i.e. office orapartment scenario)In general the trials and studies have shown that it is very possible for a small population of femto cells tocoexist harmoniously with each other, or the Macro Layer, both on the same or adjacent carrier. Due tolimitations in the analytical tools (link budgets) and availability of large quantities of femto cells these studiesand trials have not been able to evaluate the scaling effect of large deployments of femto cells on the MacroLayer. To this effect, UbiquiSys engaged with Red-M in the development of a static radio network simulatorwhich incorporates key aspects of the Radio Resource Management (RRM) algorithms that UbiquiSys hasdeveloped in order to manage interference. The purpose of the network simulator is to model the effect of largedeployments of femto cells and to understand the positive or negative impacts they may have on the MacroLayer.In the meantime, the 3GPP, through one of its study groups, initiated a femto cell technical study to evaluate theeffect of large deployments of femto cells (which they refer to as Home NodeBs) to determine the feasibility of co-channel and adjacent channel deployments. The objective of this study group is also to decide which radiocompliance requirements [4] need to be changed to reflect the femto cell RF requirements. Within the technicalstudy group, leading 3G infrastructure/mobile vendors and operators including, but not limited to, Ericsson,Vodafone, T-Mobile, Nortel, Qualcomm, Nokia-Siemens, Orange, Motorola and Alcatel-Lucent have created aframework within which to analyse the interference issue. In particular the 3GPP technical study groupidentified three key deployment scenarios that will affect interference in a large deployment of femto cells,namely:
 
Mass deployment of femto cells on the same or adjacent carrier as the Macro Layer. Mass deploymentimplies an increasing density of femto cells.
 
The maximum allowed Down Link and Up Link transmission power levels of the femto cellcommunity. It was recognized early that power management is crucial in an ‘unplanned’ femto cellnetwork.

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