Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
Kirchoffs Law With Cramers Rule

# Kirchoffs Law With Cramers Rule

Ratings: (0)|Views: 57|Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

08/04/2013

pdf

text

original

Kirchoff’s Laws Direct:KCL, KVL, Ohm’s Law
V IR VG
= =
G R
=
1
Ohm’s Law:
V I
112
36
= = ⋅
V
23
12
=
(always get 1 equation/Resistor)KCL:
A: -+B:5050
123123
I I  I I
+ =− − + =
eq. are dependent(in general, get
n
-1 indep. for nodes)KVL:
+ =
V
12
240
write 1 loop equation for each loop with a voltagenot in the current set of equations.
Eliminate either
1
or
I
using Ohm’s Laweq:A:
+ + =
536120
112
V V
=
+   
131611212
11524
KVL:
+ =
V
12
240
Cramer’s Rule:
A X B
[ ]
=
v v
X  Det A BA Det A
ii i
=
[ ]
[ ]
+
011....
524
-
6
3
1
2
+
I
1
2
- +
12
3
AB

We can always write in terms of only
, or
I
variables using ohm’s law:KCL:
A
:
+ + =
I I
123
0
KVL:
M
1
:
+ + =
12240
12
I  M
2
:
+ − =
4680
231
I I
=
1112408460120
123

I  I  I
Note:if
V IR
=
R G
=
1
G R
+
B
2
6
4
12
1
3
8
1
I
A
M
1
2
2
+++--+
I
3
I
2
I
1
CurrentDependentVoltae Source:
+

Rules for nodes:1)

Convert all voltage to current sources1)

Determine a reference node and identify unknown relative voltages2)

Use KCL at each unknown node:at node A:
G V G V G V
AA A AB B AN N A
=
....
B:
-
G V G V G V
AB A BB B BN N B
+ =
....
N:
-
G V G V G V
AN A BN B NN N
+ =
....
where:
G
ii
= Σ
all conductances connected to node
i
G
ji
= Σ
all conductances between node
i
and node
j
I
i
= Σ

all current sources connected to node
i
Define N equations in N unknownsall other voltages and currents by Ohm’s Law from
and
S
.2222111
R
10
5V
1
1
R
R

+-
I
12
A
101
Ω =
.
eg:

4
2
5
4
10
20
-
9
A
12
Eq:3
A

14
Ref
110
1201412
15
9
A
ABC