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Kirchoffs Law With Cramers Rule

Kirchoffs Law With Cramers Rule

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Published by Roy Bernard D. Basa

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Published by: Roy Bernard D. Basa on Jun 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/04/2013

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Kirchoff’s Laws Direct:KCL, KVL, Ohm’s Law
V IR VG
= =
G R
=
1
Ohm’s Law:
V I
112
36
= = ⋅
V
23
12
=
(always get 1 equation/Resistor)KCL:
A: -+B:5050
123123
 I I  I I
+ =− − + =
eq. are dependent(in general, get
n
-1 indep. for nodes)KVL:
+ =
V
12
240
write 1 loop equation for each loop with a voltagenot in the current set of equations.
Eliminate either
1
or
 I 
using Ohm’s Laweq:A:
+ + =
536120
112
V V
=
+    
131611212
11524 
KVL:
+ =
V
12
240
Cramer’s Rule:
A X B
[ ]
=
v v
 X  Det A BA Det A
ii i
=
[ ]
[ ]
+
011....
524
-
6
3
1
2
+
 I 
1
2
- +
12
3
AB
 
We can always write in terms of only
, or
 I 
variables using ohm’s law:KCL:
 A
:
+ + =
 I I
123
0
KVL:
 M 
1
:
+ + =
12240
12
 I  M 
2
:
+ − =
4680
231
 I I
=
1112408460120
123
 
 I  I  I 
Note:if 
V IR
=
 R G
=
1
G R
+
B
2
6
4
12
1
3
8
1
 I 
A
 M 
1
2
2
+++--+
 I 
3
 I 
2
 I 
1
CurrentDependentVoltae Source:
+
 
Rules for nodes:1)
 
Convert all voltage to current sources1)
 
Determine a reference node and identify unknown relative voltages2)
 
Use KCL at each unknown node:at node A:
G V G V G V
 AA A AB B AN N A
=
....
B:
-
G V G V G V
 AB A BB B BN N B
+ =
....
N:
-
G V G V G V
 AN A BN B NN N
+ =
....
where:
G
ii
= Σ
all conductances connected to node
i
G
 ji
= Σ
all conductances between node
i
and node
 j
 I 
i
= Σ
 
all current sources connected to node
i
Define N equations in N unknownsall other voltages and currents by Ohm’s Law from
and
S
.2222111
 R
10
5V 
1
1
 R
 R
 
+-
 I 
12
 A
101
Ω =
.
eg:
 
4
2
5
4
10
20
-
9
 A
12
Eq:3
 A
 
14
Ref 
110
1201412
15
9
 A
ABC

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