Durability of paper and writing
MIP – NOT JUST A EUROPEAN NETWORK
TNO, Delft, The Netherlandse-mail email@example.com
Networking of communities of researchers,infrastructure owners and users is one of the importantinstruments the European Commission DG Research isoffering in order to establish co-operation and co-ordination between existing facilities, researchers, end-users, industrialists, manufacturers and designers. AEuropean Thematic Network aims therefore to create anoptimum use of infrastructures, to avoid unnecessaryduplication, and to offer access to a broader communityof researchers.One of the causes of paper deterioration is due to theapplied corrosive ink. The corrosion effect can begeneralised as the effects of transition metals in paper.Other related deterioration processes take place in thepresence of metal clips and other metal items. It isobvious that all these different items related to MetalsIn Paper, with acronym MIP, is being investigated formany years, at conservation workshops, researchinstitutes, universities and suppliers. Research is carriedout to gain a better understanding and to prevent outheritage against deterioration.Since 2003 a European Thematic Network has beenestablished (contract number EVK4-2002-20010).
2.Organization of MIP
Four theme groups have been formulated in ourthematic network now in order to improve thecommunication between researchers, end-users andsuppliers. Furthermore the network aims to defineknowledge gaps and to foster the bilateral co-operationin order to avoid duplicate of research on Europeanlevel. Dissemination of the work will be performed bysymposia and the website www.miponline.org.In the Theme group 1 (TG-1), fundamental scientificaspects of paper degradation are discussed, focussingprimarily on diagnostics and analytical techniques,studies of degradation processes (including endogenousand exogenous factors), and methodologies for paperstability evaluation. The chair for TG-1 is Dr MatijaStrlic from Slovenia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Itwas not accidentally that Dr Strlic is chairing this groupas he is also co-ordinator of the EU research projectPapylum, aiming to study chemiluminescent pheno-mena during paper degradation. Chemiluminescenteffect is often observed in one of the stages of de-gradation of paper by transition metals. . The input of Papylum’s knowledge to MIP benefits therefore thecommunity of conservation science.Within the applied research and applications we havethree theme groups.In our network we see the conservation of objectsdivided in two parts. Active and Preventive conser-vation, while active conservation is split in the chemicaland physical aspects.Theme Group 2 (TG-2) deals with the chemical aspectsof Active Conservation. Items as conventional methods,inhibitors and deacidification are discussed here (TG-2). The co-ordinator of TG-2 is Dr Jana Kolar fromSlovenia (e-mail: email@example.com). Dr Kolarcoordinates also a very important EU research projectInkcor. This research will have an impact on our currentknowledge and the prevention of the degradation of objects affected with so called metal-tannin inkcorrosion. It is gaining new knowledge about oxidativedegradation of cellulose and stabilisation of deterioratedobjects by a combination of improved non-aqueousdeacidification and antioxidants.The Physical Aspects of Active Conservation is theitem being discussed in Theme Group 3. TG-3discussion items include paper splitting, strengthening,leaf-casting and cleaning. This TG is chaired by DrManfred Anders from Germany (e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org). Dr Anders is scientific manager of acompany ZFB, ZENTRUM FÜR BUCHERHALTUNGGmbH, which was established as a private company inthe beginning of 1998 after having served as the Centrefor Book Conservation of the German Library inLeipzig for nearly 35 years. The company has ex-periences with numerous conservation technique, forexample the mechanical splitting of paper materials.Conservation alone will not always prevent materialsfor further deterioration. Theme Group 4, deals withPreventive Conservation issues. Environmental storageconditions, boxing, and other issues are the principalitems belonging to TG-4, which is chaired by Dr JohnHavermans from The Netherlands (e-mail: email@example.com). Dr Havermans coordinatedpreviously a EU research project on the effects of airpollutants on de degradation of paper and carried outmany studies related to deacidification and storageconditions.
The MIP thematic network has officially 21 members.They are listed below.Besides official MIP members, there are numerousassociated members. For example, a good relation has