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Semantics Word

Semantics Word

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Published by: Diar Olcatra Finicky on Jun 18, 2012
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SEMANTICS ASSIGNMENT
“SEMANTICS FEATURES” and “LEXICAL SEMANTICS”
 
Lecture: Drs. Sugianto
By:1.
 
Laily Rohana 09.1.01.08.0137 /3B2.
 
Lina Indah C. 09.1.01.08.0142 /3B3.
 
Marita Ayu 09.1.01.08. 0157 /3B4.
 
Rudi Artopo 09.1.01.08. 0234/3B
ENGLISH DEPARTEMENTFACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATIONUNIVERSITY OF NUSANTARA PGRI KEDIRI2012
 
Definition of Semantics Features
Semantics feature is one of a set of abstract element,used systematically in variouscombination to define individual meanings or a set of meaning. Semantics feature is used todistinguish the meaning of any word from every other word. Semantics features of a word or anexpression refer to the meanings that related to the meaning of the word or expression as agreedby speakers of the language. The Semantic features categorize the different elements of themeaning of a word. Some words have more semantic features than others. The meaning of wordsis analyzed in several different ways in order to account for as many aspects of meaning aspossible. First of all, words are analyzed in terms of their semantic features that is basic elementswhich enabzle the differentiation of meaning of words.Apart from the semantic features of 
words also semantic roles (sometimes called ‘thematic roles’) are examined.
Semantic rolesdescribe the way in which words are used in sentences and the functions they fulfill.Lexical feature is way of analyzing lexical meaning is to decompose word meanings intomore basic parts. This process is called
lexical decomposition
. The idea is that most words havemeanings that are "built up" from simpler meanings.For example, the words
mare, stallion, hen
, and
rooster 
all have the common meaning of ANIMAL in them. We could say that these four words share the common semantic featureANIMAL. In addition,
mare
and
hen
share the common feature FEMALE while stallion androoster share MALE.Another illustration of lexical decomposition comes from causatives. Consider these pairs of sentences, which use the
boil, open, bake
, and
turn
and their
counterparts:The water boiled. Robin boiled the water.The door opened. The wind opened the door.The cake baked. Robin baked the cake.The car turned. Robin turned the car.We can analyze the meaning of the verbs in terms of causes. In Robin boiled the water, thetransitive verb
boil
can be analyzed as X CAUSES Y to BOIL.For another example, consider the difference in meaning between cement and concrete.Although many of use them interchangeably, they actually mean different things. Dr. Starostamight have explained the differences as:
 
cement+wet(or - dry)concrete-wet(or + dry)The difference between
cement 
and
concrete
is that
cement 
is a wet while
concrete
is dry. Thereare other ways to describe the two words (
cement 
is a mix combined with water while
concrete
 is the hardened after-product), but you can see how narrowing words down to their basicdifferences opens up a new way in which to view words.hide - bad intentionsconceal + bad intentions (you don't want the person to find what you've hidden)murder - prominenceassassinate + prominence (you can't "assassinate" a janitor)
This is example of semantics feature :
Man [+Human] [+Adult] [+Male]Woman [+Human] [+Adult] [+Female]Boy [+Human] [-Adult] [+Male]Girl [+Human] [-Adult] [+Female]Whereas:King [+Human] [+Adult] [+Male] [+Status]Queen [+Human] [+Adult] [+Female] [+Status]Prince [+Human] [-Adult] [+Male] [+Status]Princess [+Human] [-Adult] [+Female] [+Status]

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