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Materi 6 Pemeliharaan Ct Pt

Materi 6 Pemeliharaan Ct Pt

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Published by Puji Wibowo

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Published by: Puji Wibowo on Jun 18, 2012
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6. PEMELIHARAAN TRAFO ARUS ( CT )DAN TRAFO TEGANGAN ( PT )PT PLN (Persero) PUSDIKLAT2009
 
PT PLN (Persero)PUSAT PENDIDIKAN DAN PELATIHAN
6. Pemeliharaan Trafo Arus & Trafo Tegangan
DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI.............................................................................................................iDAFTAR GAMBAR.................................................................................................iDAFTAR TABEL.....................................................................................................ii6. PEMELIHARAAN TRAFO ARUS (CT)DAN TRAFO TEGANGAN (PT) ..............................................................................3PEMELIHARAAN TRAFO ARUS......................................................................36.2 TRAFO TEGANGAN (POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER / PT) ......................266.3 BATASAN – BATASAN OPERASI TRAFO PENGUKURAN ...................40
DAFTAR GAMBAR
Gambar 6-1. Rangkaian pada Trafo Arus..............................................................3Gambar 6-2. Rangkaian Ekivalen...........................................................................4Gambar 6-3. Diagram Fasor Arus dan Tegangan pada Trafo Arus.......................5Gambar 6-4. Kurva kejenuhan CT untuk Metering dan Proteksi............................6Gambar 6-5. Luas Penampang Inti Trafo Arus.......................................................6Gambar 6-6. Bar Primary........................................................................................7Gambar 6-7. Wound Primary..................................................................................8Gambar 6-8. Trafo Arus Pemasangan Luar Ruangan.........................................10Gambar 6-9. Trafo Arus Pemasangan Dalam Ruangan......................................10Gambar 6-10. Trafo Arus Rasio Tunggal 150 – 300 / 5 – 5 A..............................11Gambar 6-11. Trafo Arus Rasio Ganda 800-1600 / 5-5-5 A dan 1000-2000 /5 A 11Gambar 6-12. Trafo Arus dengan 2 Inti................................................................12Gambar 6-13. Trafo Arus dengan 4 Inti................................................................13Gambar 6-14. Hubungan Paralel dan Seri pada Trafo Arus................................13Gambar 6-15. Trafo Arus Multi Rasio/Sekunder Tap...........................................14Gambar 6-16. Kesalahan Sudut Trafo Arus.........................................................16Gambar 6-17. Kurva Faktor Batas Ketelitian........................................................18Gambar 6-18. Rangkaian Pengujian Rasio Trafo Arus........................................20Gambar 6-19. Rangkaian pengujian beban trafo arus.........................................21Gambar 6-20. Rangkaian Pengujian Beban Trafo Arus.......................................22Gambar 6-21. Rangkaian Uji Saturasi Trafo Arus................................................22Gambar 6-22. Kurva Kejenuhan Trafo Arus.........................................................23Gambar 6-23. Rangkaian Uji Polaritas Trafo Arus...............................................23Gambar 6-24. Rangkaian Pengukuran Tahanan DC Trafo Arus.........................24Gambar 6-25. Rangkaian Pengukuran Tahanan Isolasi Trafo Arus....................25Gambar 6-26. Rangkaian Pengganti Trafo Tegangan.........................................26Gambar 6-27. Rangkaian Ekivalen Trafo Tegangan............................................27Gambar 6-28. Konstruksi Trafo Tegangan Induktif..............................................29Gambar 6-29. Konstruksi Trafo Tegangan Kapasitif............................................31Gambar 6-30. Rangkaian Ekivalen CVT..............................................................33Gambar 6-31. Rangkaian Pengujian Rasio Trafo Tegangan...............................37Gambar 6-32. Rangkaian Pengujian Tahanan Isolasi..........................................38Gambar 6-33. Rangkaian Pengujian Tangen Delta pada CVT............................39
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PT PLN (Persero)PUSAT PENDIDIKAN DAN PELATIHAN
6. Pemeliharaan Trafo Arus & Trafo Tegangan
DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 6-1. Batas Kesalahan Trafo Arus Metering................................................17Tabel 6-2. Batas Kesalahan Trafo Arus Metering................................................17Tabel 6-3. Kesalahan Rasio dan Pergeseran Fasa Trafo Arus Proteksi...........18Tabel 6-4. Batas Kesalahan Trafo Tegangan Pengukuran.................................35Tabel 6-5. Batas Kesalahan Trafo Tegangan Proteksi........................................35Tabel 6-6. Jadwal pengujian Minyak Isolasi CT/PT/CVT.....................................40Tabel 6-7. Batasan Pemasangan Spark Gap pada Bushing (Standar VDE0111/12.66)...........................................................................................................40Tabel 6-8. Batasan hasil uji tahanan isolasi Minyak CT/PT/CVT (Standar IEC-156)41Tabel 6-9. Batasan Hasil Pengukuran Tahanan Isolasi Rangkaian Sekunder CT/PT/CVT (Standar IEEE 43-2000)....................................................................41Tabel 6-10. Batasan Jarak Rayap Bushing Isolator (Standar IEC-44.1)..............42
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