CORY AQUINO PROCLAMATION AND MARCOS OUSTER
The People's Power movement, which bore fruit in the ouster of Marcos on February 25, 1986, was broad-based but primarily,although not exclusively, urban-based, indeed the movement wascommonly known in Manila as the EDSA Revolution. People's Powerencompassed members of the Roman Catholic hierarchy, the businesselite, and a faction of the armed forces. Its millions of rural, working-class, middle-class, and professional supporters were united not by ideology or class interests, but by their esteem for Aquino's widow,Corazon, and their disgust with the Marcos regime. After herhusband's assassination, Corazon Aquino assumed first a symbolicand then a substantive role as leader of the opposition. A devoutCatholic and a shy and self-styled "simple housewife," Mrs. Aquinoinspired trust and devotion. Some, including top American policy makers, regarded her as inexperienced and naive. Yet in the eventsleading up to Marcos's ouster she displayed unexpected shrewdnessand determination.
THE AQUINO REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT (1986
With thePeople Power Revolution, Corazon Aquino's assumption into
power marked the restoration of democracy in the country. Aquinoimmediately formed a revolutionary government to normalize thesituation, and provided for a transitional"Freedom Constitution" thatrestored civil liberties and dismantled the heavily Marcos-ingrainedbureaucracy
abolishing theBatasang Pambansaand relieving allpublic officials. The Aquino appointed a constitutional commissionthat submitted a new permanent constitution that was ratified andenacted in February 1987. The constitution crippled presidentialpower to declare martial law, proposed the creation of autonomousregions in theCordillerasandMuslim Mindanao,and restored the
presidential form of government and the bicameral Congress.Progress was made in revitalizing democratic institutions and respectfor civil liberties, but Aquino's administration was also viewed as weak