IMAGE QUALITY ANALYSISINTRODUCTION
The term “Image Quality Analysis” is coined in this report to mean theinvestigation/extraction of certain useful information needed to describeimage quality. For the purpose of a better understanding, some definitions arerequired and are thus given below; conversely image quality is furtherdetailed.
—is a representation of the external form of a person or thing insculpture or screen display i.e. three-dimensional (3D), painting or photographi.e. two-dimensional (2D) etc.
—this could be referred to as a numeric representation of a two-dimensional (2D) image. It may be of a vector or raster type depending onwhether or not the image resolution is fixed. In this report the raster type isemphasized.
—refers to images which have a finite set of digital values,called pixels.
A pixel—also known as picture element; is the
single point in a raster image orthe smallest unit in picture.
—when referring to images, it is the number of pixels per inch i.e.dot per inch. This may depend on the camera settings.
This is a feature of an image that measures the perceived difference in animage in relation to an original/ideal image and it is the presence of distortionin an image that makes image quality assessment paramount. Image qualitymay depend on these listed points;
The deviation of the image formation of the camera from the idealmodel, since the ideal model is only an estimate of the imageinformation process. Image information is obtained typically as a resultof light rays from the describe scene allowed to pass through thecamera aperture to the image plane.