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Image Quality Analysis_assignment

Image Quality Analysis_assignment

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Published by Michael Ajayi

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Published by: Michael Ajayi on Jun 18, 2012
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The term “Image Quality Analysis” is coined in this report to mean theinvestigation/extraction of certain useful information needed to describeimage quality. For the purpose of a better understanding, some definitions arerequired and are thus given below; conversely image quality is furtherdetailed.
—is a representation of the external form of a person or thing insculpture or screen display i.e. three-dimensional (3D), painting or photographi.e. two-dimensional (2D) etc.
Digital Image
—this could be referred to as a numeric representation of a two-dimensional (2D) image. It may be of a vector or raster type depending onwhether or not the image resolution is fixed. In this report the raster type isemphasized.
Raster Images
—refers to images which have a finite set of digital values,called pixels.
 A pixel—also known as picture element; is the
single point in a raster image orthe smallest unit in picture.
—when referring to images, it is the number of pixels per inch i.e.dot per inch. This may depend on the camera settings.
 This is a feature of an image that measures the perceived difference in animage in relation to an original/ideal image and it is the presence of distortionin an image that makes image quality assessment paramount. Image qualitymay depend on these listed points;
 The deviation of the image formation of the camera from the idealmodel, since the ideal model is only an estimate of the imageinformation process. Image information is obtained typically as a resultof light rays from the describe scene allowed to pass through thecamera aperture to the image plane.
 The difference from the original image when compressed stored ortransmitted and decompressed again to retrieve the original image.
 The quality of the image measurement process based on thecompression method used considering a large set of images.
 The coding artifacts introduced by JPEG coding method on the imageproduced by digital cameras.
Image Quality can also be perceived via 3 techniques
By objectively employing technical measures to determine the imagedeviation from its ideal model. The techniques used to objectivelyevaluate the quality of an image are; the Full Reference Image QualityAssessment (FR IQA) which utilizes an ideally certified reference imageto evaluate the quality of the image under test, and the No ReferenceImage Quality Assessment (NR IQA) which requires no reference toaccess the quality of the test image.
 The subjective perception of image that is via the natural human eyespicturing a photograph. Image quality can be viewed from an angle tomean that the noise in the image may not reduce the quality if the noisedoes not affect the information which the viewer seeks to perceive.
Verifying the contrast intensity of an image. A good image normallycovers the entire dynamic range of the intensity levels.
Certain factors influence the pre-processing and the post-processing of digitalimage and are listed below;
Dynamic range
Colour accuracy
Exposure accuracy
Light fall offs
In this report we shall aim to assess the image quality of a JPEG image takenfrom a Nokia E72-2 camera phone, of which three approximately same imageswere taken by setting the camera resolution to high, medium and low and alsowe shall assess the image quality of approximately same images taken bydifferent phones to include BB 8520, Nokia C7-00, Nokia E55-1, Nokia E72-2and Samsung GT-S8000.
—Joint Photography Experts Group This is a widely used image file format for storing and transmitting digitalimages on computer systems and the internet respectively. It utilizes the lossycompression method to process image information i.e. some information arelost and may not be recovered by lossy information is known to give highcompression ratio which guarantees a better image quality.
 The effect of JPEG is generally characterized by the artifacts it depositson its image although it blends well into the image with detailed non-uniform textures making it difficult to see by human vision thus allowinghigher compression ratios.

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