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Ebooksclub.org Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology 3e Organic Chemistry

Ebooksclub.org Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology 3e Organic Chemistry

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Published by Uğur Gündüz

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Uğur Gündüz on Jun 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/30/2012

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Table of Contents(Subject Area: Organic Chemistry)
Article
 Authors
Pages in theEncyclopedia
Acetylene
 Robert J. Tedeschi
Pages 55-89
Alkaloids
 Armin Guggisberg and  Manfred Hesse
Pages 477-493
BioconjugateChemistry
Claude F. Meares
Pages 93-98
Carbohydrates
 Hassan S. El Khadem
Pages 369-416
Catalysis,Homogeneous
Piet W. N. M. van Leeuwen
Pages 457-490
Fuel Chemistry
Sarma V. Pisupadti
Pages 253-274
HeterocyclicChemistry
Charles M. Marson
Pages 321-343
Organic ChemicalSystems, Theory
 Josef Michl
Pages 435-457
Organic Chemistry,Synthesis
 John Welch
Pages 497-515
Organic Macrocycles
 J. Ty Redd, Reed M. Izatt and Jerald S. Bradshaw
Pages 517-528
OrganometallicChemistry
 Robert H. Crabtree
Pages 529-538
Pharmaceuticals,Controlled Release of 
Giancarlo Santus and  Richard W. Baker 
Pages 791-803
Physical OrganicChemistry
Charles L. Perrin
Pages 211-243
Stereochemistry
 Ernest L. Eliel
Pages 79-93
 
 Acetylene
Robert J. Tedeschi
Tedeschi and Associates, Inc.
I. IntroductionII. Acetylene and Commodity ChemicalsIII. Production of Acetylene and CommodityChemicalsIV. Acetylene-Based Processes for Large-VolumeChemicalsV. Important Chemical Uses for AcetyleneVI. Reppe ProductsVII. Specialty Acetylenics and DerivativesVIII. Processes for Acetylene ProductionIX. Chemistry of Specialty ProductsX. Vinyl EthersXI. FlavorandFragranceCompoundsandVitaminsA and EXII. Acetylenic PesticidesXIII. Acetylenic Reactions with Research andCommercial PotentialXIV. Acetylene Research in Russia
GLOSSARY
Acetylenic
Pertaining to organic compounds containinga triple bond ( C C ) or acetylene group in themolecule.
Adjuvant
Acetylenic diol used with pesticides to en-hance activity, lower the rate of application, and in-crease safety.
Alkynol
Primary, secondary, or tertiary acetylenic alco-hol with the hydroxyl group generally adjacent or
α
tothe triple bond.
Ammoxidation
Acrylonitrilemanufacturedbyoxidationof propylene in the presence of ammonia.
Aprotic
Pertaining to highly polar solvents such asdimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), hexamethylphospho-ramide (HMPA),
-methyl-pyrrolidone (NMP), andacetonitrile that can hydrogen bond or complex withacetylene and acetylenic compounds; used to dissolveand activate acetylene.
Carbonylation
Reaction of acetylene with carbonmonoxide and alcohols to form acrylate esters; Reppeprocess.
Commodity chemicals
Large-volume, multitonnagechemicals, some of which are derived from acetylene.
Ethynylation
Reaction of acetylene with aldehydes andketones to form acetylenic alcohols and diols.
Grignard
Organomagnesium halide used in acetylenicand other syntheses.
Oil-well acidizing
Use of acetylenic alcohols (alkynols)as corrosion inhibitors to protect steel pipe duringacidizing operations undertaken to free oil from lime-stone formations.
Pesticides
Agricultural chemicals including herbicides,insecticides, miticides, fungicides, and bacterial con-trol agents.
Reppe products and technology
Pioneered by Dr.Walter Reppe of the I. G. Farben; various prod-ucts derived from the reaction of acetylene with
55

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