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Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle

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Published by Kamil Wijatkowski

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Published by: Kamil Wijatkowski on Jun 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/18/2012

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NASATechnicalMemorandum81366ANALYSISOFALONGITUDINALPILOT-INDUCEDOSCILLATIONEXPERIENCEDONTHEAPPROACHANDLANDINGTESTOFTHESPACESHUTTLEJohnW.SmithDecember1981
NI\S/\
 
NASATechnicalMemorandum81366ANALYSISOFALONGITUDINALPILOT-INDUCEDOSCILLATIONEXPERIENCEDONTHEAPPROACHANDLANDINGTESTOFTHESPACESHUTTLEJohnW.SmithDrydenFlightResearchFacilityAmesResearchCenterEdwards,California
NI\S/\
NationalAeronauticsandSpaceAdministration
ScientificandTechnicalInformationBranch1981
 
ANALYSISOFALONGITUDINALPILOT-INDUCEDOSCILLATIONEXPERIENCEDONTHEAPPROACHANDLANDINGTESTOFTHESPACESHUTTLEJohnW.SmithDrydenFlightResearchFacilityAmesResearchCenterINTRODUCTIONDuringthefinalfreeflight(FF-5)oftheshuttle'sapproachandlandingtest(ALT)phase,thevehicleunderwentpilot-inducedoscillations(PIO's)neartouch-down(refs.1to3).Theoscillationswerepresentinboththepitchandrollaxesandwereinitiatedwhenthepilotmadepitchcontrollerinputsinanefforttocontrolsinkratebychangingpitchattitude.Becausethecontrolinputswerelargeandfairlyrapid,theelevonsratelimitedinthepitchaxisatthemaximumpriorityratelimitsetinthecomputers.Theelevonratelimitalsolimitsthevehicle'srollcontrolcapability,andthiswaspartiallyresponsibleforthelateralcontrolproblem.SeveralunpublishedstudiesindicatethattimedelaysaswellaspriorityratelimitingwereasignificantfactorinthePIO's.AsimulatorstudyoftheeffectoftimedelaysonshuttlePIO'sisreportedinreference4.Thisreportdescribesthecombinedeffectofpilotinputratelimitingandtimedelays.Frequencyresponsesarepredictedforvariousparametersunderratesaturatedconditionsbyusingnonlinearanalysis.SYMBOLSANDABBREVIATIONSPhysicalquantitiesinthisreportaregivenintheInternationalSystemofUnits(SI)andparentheticallyinU.S.CustomaryUnits.ThemeasurementsweretakeninU.S.CustomaryUnits.Factorsrelatingthetwosystemsarepresentedinreference5.

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