About the authors
is a senior researcher at the Institute or Government, where he has led anumber o projects on the challenges o coalition government. In 2009 he co-authoreda report assessing the implications or Westminster and Whitehall o a hung parliament,and in 2010 he wrote a report assessing the irst ew months under the Coalition. He hasalso worked on projects exploring the role o select committees in public appointments,the diiculties aced by Whitehall in working across departmental boundaries, and themechanisms used by political parties to select parliamentary candidates. He previouslyworked at the Constitution Unit, University College London.
worked at the Institute or Government rom September 2011 to May2012, where he was involved in work on Civil Service reorm as well as on the six-monthresearch project leading to this report. He holds a DPhil rom Oxord University on civilianexperiences o the First World War in Britain and previously worked as a curator at theNational Army Museum.
The authors would like to thank a number o colleagues or their support during the writingo this report and the research that preceded it. Peter Riddell, in particular, providedintellectual guidance and helped deine the scope o the project, as well as editing theinal drat. Julian McCrae and Nadine Smith provided useul comments on drats andrecommendations. We have also drawn on research conducted by others at the Institute,notably Catherine Haddon, Peter Riddell and Justine Stephen. Finally, we are grateul toAndrew Murphy and William Knighton or their invaluable help in bringing this report topublication.We are also hugely grateul to all the busy people in Westminster, Whitehall andgovernments elsewhere in the world or sparing their time to share their experience andadvice. Some o these are cited by name in the pages that ollow, but many others mustremain anonymous. This report could not have happened without their contribution.Cover images rom STEFAN WERMUTH/AP/PA and rom the oicial photostream o thePrime Minister o the United Kingdom, available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic license.As ever, the authors bear responsibility or any errors and inaccuracies.
About the authors 3Acknowledgements 3Executive summary 41. Introduction 102. What’s different about Coalition government? 123. Mid-term policy renewal: options and constraints 164. Reshuffles and machinery of government change 345. Renewing while differentiating: what works? 396. The final straight: governing up till the next election 52Notes 63