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Cam Dynamics-02 Tiberiu-petrescu

Cam Dynamics-02 Tiberiu-petrescu

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Published by: Florian Ion Petrescu on Jun 18, 2012
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01/02/2013

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Al III-lea Seminar National de Mecanisme, Craiova, 20081
DYNAMICS OF CAM GEARS ILLUSTRATED AT THECLASSIC DISTRIBUTION MECHANISM
Relly Victoria PETRESCU, Adriana COM
Ă
 NESCU, Florian IonPETRESCU
 Abstract:
 
The paper presents an original method in determining the general dynamicof the mechanisms with rotation cams and followers, particularized to the platetranslated follower. First, one presents the dynamics kinematics. Then one solves the Lagrange equation and with an original dynamic model (see [1]) with one degree of  freedom, with variable internal amortization, one makes the dynamic analyze of twomodels.
1 Introduction
The paper proposes an original dynamic model illustrated for therotating cam with plate translate follower. One presents the dynamicskinematics (the original kinematics); the variable velocity of the camshaftobtained by an approximately method has been used with an original dynamicsystem having one grade of mobility and an variable internal amortization [1];one tests two movement laws, one classics and one original.
 
2 Dynamics of the classic distribution mechanism2.1 Precision kinematics at the classic distribution mechanism
In the picture number one, one presents the kinematics schema of the classicdistribution mechanism, in two consecutive positions; with a interrupted line isrepresented the particular position when the follower is situated in the mostdown plane, (s=0), and the cam which has an orally rotation, with constantangular velocity,
ω
, one is situated in the point A
0
, (the recordation point between the base profile and the up profile), particular point that mark the up begin of the follower, imposed by the cam-profile; with a continue line isrepresented the superior couple in someone position of the up phase.
 
Al III-lea Seminar National de Mecanisme, Craiova, 20082
ϕθτ
OA
i
0
=s
0
ss’
A
A
0
1
v
r
2
v
r
12
v
r
BCDA
0i
τω
θ 
&
 
Fig. 1.
The kinematics of the classic distribution mechanismThe point A
0
, which marks the initial couple position, represents in thesame time the contact point between the cam and follower in the first position.The cam has an angular velocity,
ω
, (the camshaft angular velocity).Cam is rotating with the velocity,
ω
, describing the angle
ϕ
, which showhow the base circle has rotated in the orally sense, (with the camshaft together);this rotation can be seen on the base circle between the two particular points, A
0
 and A
0i
.In this time the vector r 
A
=OA (which represents the distance betweenthe centre of cam O, and the contact point A), has rotating (trigonometric) withthe angle,
τ
. If one measures the angle,
θ
, which position the general vector, r 
A
 in function of the particular vector, r 
A0
, one obtains the relation (0):
τ ϕ θ 
+=
(0)Where r 
A
is the module of the vector,
 A
r
, and
θ
A
represents the phaseangle of the vector,
 A
r
.The rotating velocity of the vector 
 A
r
is
 A
θ 
&
which it’s a function of theangular velocity of the camshaft,
ω
, and a rotating angle,
ϕ
, (by the movementlaws s(
ϕ
), s’(
ϕ
), s’’(
ϕ
)).
 
Al III-lea Seminar National de Mecanisme, Craiova, 20083
The follower isn’t acted directly by the cam, by the angle,
ϕ
, and by theangular velocity
ω
; it’s acted by the vector 
 A
r
, which has the module r 
A
, the position angle
θ
A
and the angular velocity
 A
θ 
&
. From here result a particular (dynamic) kinematics, the classical kinematics being just a static andapproximate kinematics.Kinematics one defines the next velocities (see the picture 1).
1
v
r
=the cam velocity; which is the velocity of the vector,
 A
r
, in the pointA; now the classical relation (1) become an approximately relation, and the realrelation take the form (2).
 
ω 
.
1
 A
v
=
(1)
 A A
v
θ 
&
.
1
=
(2)The velocity
 AC v
==
1
r
is separating in the velocity
2
v
r
=BC (thefollower velocity which act in its axe, on a vertical direction) and
12
v
r
=AB (theslide velocity between the two profiles, the sliding velocity between the camand the follower, which works by the direction of the commune tangent line of the two profiles in the contact point).Usually the cam profile is synthesis with the AD=s’ knew, for theclassical module C, and one can write the relations:
2202
')(
ss
 A
++=
(3)
220
')(
ss
 A
++=
(4)
22000
')(cos
ssss
 A
+++=+=
τ 
(5)
220
')(''sin
ssss AD
 A A
++===
τ 
(6)
 A A A A
ssvv
θ θ τ 
&&
'.'..sin.
12
===
(7) Now, the follower velocity isn’t
s
&
(
ω 
'
2
ssv
&
), but it’s given by therelation (9). At the classical distribution mechanism the transmitting function D,is given by the relations (8):
sv D D
 A A
&&&
2
.
===
ω θ ω θ 
(8)
 Ds Dssv
 A
===
&&
ω θ 
''
2
(9)Determining of the sliding velocity between the profiles is made with therelation (10):

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