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The Journal Of Historical Review Volume 4 Number 4 -1983

The Journal Of Historical Review Volume 4 Number 4 -1983

Ratings: (0)|Views: 24|Likes:
Published by OpenToSuggestions
Articles
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Was Pearl Harbor unavoidable?
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. The mystery of Pearl Harbor
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Senator Homer Ferguson and the
Pearl Harbor Congressional Investigation
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Marshall comes on stage
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Marshall before the Joint
Congressional Committee
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Admission of MAGIC
demolishes FDR's claim of surprise
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. What we knew
James J. Martin Where was General Marshall?
Keith Stimely A note from the editor
-- Pearl Harbor: The latest wave
___________

"Distribution of Journal articles, reviews and essays is encouraged. Except for specifically copyrighted items, IHR items may be freely distributed, reprinted or reposted, provided that no changes are made without prior arrangement, and that proper credit is given, including mention of the Institute for Historical Review, and the IHR website URL.

IHR Journal Items do not necessarily reflect the views of the Institute for Historical Review. "

http://ihr.org/main/journal.shtml
Articles
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Was Pearl Harbor unavoidable?
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. The mystery of Pearl Harbor
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Senator Homer Ferguson and the
Pearl Harbor Congressional Investigation
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Marshall comes on stage
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Marshall before the Joint
Congressional Committee
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. Admission of MAGIC
demolishes FDR's claim of surprise
Percy L. Greaves, Jr. What we knew
James J. Martin Where was General Marshall?
Keith Stimely A note from the editor
-- Pearl Harbor: The latest wave
___________

"Distribution of Journal articles, reviews and essays is encouraged. Except for specifically copyrighted items, IHR items may be freely distributed, reprinted or reposted, provided that no changes are made without prior arrangement, and that proper credit is given, including mention of the Institute for Historical Review, and the IHR website URL.

IHR Journal Items do not necessarily reflect the views of the Institute for Historical Review. "

http://ihr.org/main/journal.shtml

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The Journal ofHistorical Review
VOLUME FOUR, NUMBER FOUR
/
WINTER
1983-84
PEARL HARBORRevisionism Renewed
PERCY
L.
GREAVES, JR.: Was Pearl Harbor Unavoidable?
a
TheMystery of Pearl Harbor
a
Senator Ferguson's lnvestigation
a
Marshall Comes on Stage
a
Marshall Testifies Before Congress
a
Admission of MAGIC
a
What We KnewJAMES
J.
MARTIN: Where Was General Marshall?The Journal of Historical Review
is
published quarterly by theINSTITUTE FOR HISTORICAL REVIEWThomas
J.
Marcellus, DirectorKeith Stimely, Editor
EDITORIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEEWALTER B ALLENDE. Ph DUnlvarslty of Buenos AlrevBuenos Awes
Argentine
AUSTIN 1 APP Ph DLa Salle Colle~uRet
)
Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania
GEORGE ASHLEY. Ph DLos Angeles llnified School DlstrlctHistory lnslructo~IOHN BENNETTVictorla Councll for Clvll Llbertleshlelbourne. Austral~aARTHUR R BUTZ. Ph D.Northwestern
University
Evanston. lll~i~olhSAMUEL E KONKIN I11The
New
L~bertarionLung Beach. CallfornlaMARTIN A. LARSON. Ph.DThe SpotlightWashrnnton. D.C.WILLIAMB LINDSEY. Ph DRusearch ChemistJAblES
1
MARTIN. Ph
D
Ralph Myles PublishersColorado Sprlngs. ColoradoREVILO P OLIVER. Ph DUnlverslty of llllnols [Rot
]
Urberla. Illino~sROBERT FAURISSON
Ph
DWILfiELM STAEGLICH Dr jur (Ret
)
Un~versrty f Lyon-2Badenweller West GermanyLyon. FranceUDO WALENDY. Diplo PolDlTLlEB FELDERERVurluy fuur Volkutum uildRevisronlst History Magaztne Zeilgesch~chtsforschungTeby Swudun VlnthotWuuur Wust Gurm~lnyPERCY L GRLAVES. jrCHARLES E WEBER. Ph
Ll
Free Merkat BooksUnlverslty of Tulse (Rat
)
Dobbs Ferry. New YorkTulsa OklahomeANDREAS R WESSERU Ph DMarquette Unlverslty (Ret
)
Mllwaukeo Wtscons~n
 
Contents
Ir
Selections by Percy
L.
Greaves, Jr.
-
Was Pearl Harbor Unavoidable?
391
The Mystery of Pearl Harbor
397
Senator Homer Fergusonand the Pearl HarborCongressional Investigation
4
05
Marshall Comes on Stage
425
Marshall Before the JointCongressional Committee
437
Admission of MAGIC DemolishesFDR's Claim of Surprise
453
What We Knew
467
Where Was General Marshall?
4 5
James
J.
MartinAbout the Contributors
512
 
A
Note From
The
Editor
Harbor:
The
Latest Wave
The latest furious round of publication and onsuing controversy about PearlHarbor erupted at the end of 1981. and has not simmered down yet. Theopening shot was the release in November that year of Gordon W. Prange'smnssivct At Dawn
We
Slept: The Untold Story of Pearl Harbor. Prnnge hadbeen working on the book for more than thirty years: his first missed deadlinefor publication by McGraw-I~lillwas in 1951. and theronfter he continuod toperiodically promise completion of the manuscript and never came through,all the while adding more to
it
and using up advances.
It
finally got to the pointwhereMcGraw-Hill decided to cut its losses and refuse any further communi-cntion with the indefatigable. eccentric author. But two of Prange's formerstudents, Donald Goldstein and Katherine
V.
Dillon, took up the task ofreducing and shaping Prange's thousands of manuscript pages and notes intopublishable form, the result of which was At Dawn We Slept. Prange had diedin May 1980. The book was promoted byhlcGrow-Hill as the definitive work onthe subject. full of new information. Without question
it
did contain more inthe way of details from Japanese sources about the military genesis, planning,execution, and follow-up of the attack than any other work, details gleaned ininterviews conducted by Prange in the late '40s and early '50s while he wasserving in Japan as Chief of the Historicnl Section under General MncArthur,and which were indeed "nerv"-back then. The book's strength and valuewas as a military history of the Japanese side; when it ventured afield intopainting the diplomatic and intelligence pictures. assigning responsibility andblame on the American side. its inadequacies were apparent. Prange'scol-lnhoralnrs Gnldstein and Dillon wnra dntermined to produce nn account thntwould not only stand up as a general history, but in fact deal the final,crippling blow to the revisionists interlopers. They ~ddedn appendix called"Revisionists Revisited." a precis of chapters 139-43 in the fourth volume ofPrange's original manuscript, in which they attempted a refutation of allrevisionist theories and evidences, and concluded that "in a thorough searchof more than 30 years, including
011
publications released up to May
1,
1903,we have not discovered one document or one word of sworn testimony thatsubstantia'tes the revisionist position on Roosevelt and Pearl Harbor." (Em-phasis added.) It was clear that the book wns meant to supplant RobertaWohlstetter's Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision (1962) as the fundamentalEstablishment. preRoosevelt account, which would constituto the final wordon Pearl Harbor and effectively end revisionism on the subject for all time.
It
was not to be. No sooner had At Dawn
We
Slept appoared than it becameclear just how much recent important evidence Goldstein and Dillon in factignored. Their statement that they had searched through all publications"released up to May1. 1983" was simply not the truth-ns later admitted byGoidstein, who explained that he and Dillon had relied for this statement onthe assurances of another historian, Ronald Lewin, that none of the volumi-nous National Archives Records Service (NARS) and other date released in1980-81 supported a revisionist view. Even
if
Lewin was right. which hewasn't.
it
was n refloction of Goldstein and Dillons' lovel of scholarly integritythat they would make
u
sweeping nssertion of uptedato accuracy and com-prehensiveness on o claim of personal familiarity which was false.

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