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Introductory Course for College Algebra

Introductory Course for College Algebra

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Published by John Aguila

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Published by: John Aguila on Jun 19, 2012
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06/19/2012

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Adamson University Chemical Engineering Society
 
ReiRaguindin&IreneBorromeo|2012
College Algebra
 I.
 
Set
 
- collection of well- defined objects
Ex
. The set of even numbers less than10:
{0, 2, 4, 6, 8}
 
 II.
 
 Real Numbers III.
 
 Properties of Real Numbers
a.
 
CLOSUREb.
 
COMMUTATIVITYc.
 
ASSOCIATIVITYd.
 
DISTRIBUTIVITYe.
 
IDENTITY- 0 is the identityelement of addition; 1 is theidentity element of multiplicationf.
 
INVERSE
 IV.
 
 Properties of Equality
a.
 
REFLEXIVEb.
 
SYMMETRICc.
 
TRANSITIVEd.
 
APE (Addition Property of Equality)e.
 
MPE(Multiplication Property of Equality)
V.
 
 Laws of exponents
a.
 

 b.
 

 c.
 


 d.
 

 e.
 
 
VI.
 
 Definitions
a.
 
Constant: number whose value isfixed or a symbol used to representa single real numberb.
 
Variable: symbol that can representdifferent numbersc.
 
Term of an algebraic expression:part of an algebraic expressionseparated by the + or
 – 
signs
VII.
 
 Polynomials
- A special type of an algebraicexpression in which the exponents of the variables in all of its terms are notnegative integers or whole numbers.
 
Polynomials Numberof termsDegree TYPE-20 1 0 Monomialx
8
1 8 Monomial2x-3 2 1 Monomialx
5
-2x
2
2 5 Binomialx
4
-5x
3
y
3
+3y
2
3 6 Trinomial
VIII.
 
Special Products
a.
 
Product of sum and difference(a+b)(a-b)=a
2
-b
2
 b.
 
Square of binomial
 
(a+b)
2
=a
2
+2ab+b
2
 
c.
 
Square of trinomial
 
(a+b+c)
2
= a
2
+b
2
+c
2
+2ab+2bc+2ac
 
d.
 
Cube of a binomial
 
(a+b)
3
= a
3
+3a
2
b+3a
2
b+b
3
 
 IX.
 
 Rational Expression
-expression of the form
where p and q
are algebraic expression and q ≠0 when
evaluated at some specific value
 
a.
 
Principle 1: Reducing to lowestterm Example:
 



 

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