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Introductory Course for College Algebra

# Introductory Course for College Algebra

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06/19/2012

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ReiRaguindin&IreneBorromeo|2012
College Algebra
I.

Set

- collection of well- defined objects
Ex
. The set of even numbers less than10:
{0, 2, 4, 6, 8}

II.

Real Numbers III.

Properties of Real Numbers
a.

CLOSUREb.

COMMUTATIVITYc.

ASSOCIATIVITYd.

DISTRIBUTIVITYe.

IDENTITY- 0 is the identityelement of addition; 1 is theidentity element of multiplicationf.

INVERSE
IV.

Properties of Equality
a.

REFLEXIVEb.

SYMMETRICc.

TRANSITIVEd.

MPE(Multiplication Property of Equality)
V.

Laws of exponents
a.


b.


c.



d.


e.

VI.

Definitions
a.

Constant: number whose value isfixed or a symbol used to representa single real numberb.

Variable: symbol that can representdifferent numbersc.

Term of an algebraic expression:part of an algebraic expressionseparated by the + or
–
signs
VII.

Polynomials
- A special type of an algebraicexpression in which the exponents of the variables in all of its terms are notnegative integers or whole numbers.

Polynomials Numberof termsDegree TYPE-20 1 0 Monomialx
8
1 8 Monomial2x-3 2 1 Monomialx
5
-2x
2
2 5 Binomialx
4
-5x
3
y
3
+3y
2
3 6 Trinomial
VIII.

Special Products
a.

Product of sum and difference(a+b)(a-b)=a
2
-b
2
b.

Square of binomial

(a+b)
2
=a
2
+2ab+b
2

c.

Square of trinomial

(a+b+c)
2
= a
2
+b
2
+c
2
+2ab+2bc+2ac

d.

Cube of a binomial

(a+b)
3
= a
3
+3a
2
b+3a
2
b+b
3

IX.

Rational Expression
-expression of the form
where p and q
are algebraic expression and q ≠0 when
evaluated at some specific value

a.

Principle 1: Reducing to lowestterm Example:



