Q12. (a) Why would you choose a database system instead of simply storing in operatingsystem file? Define the database concept in details.(b) Define the following terms:i) Primary key ii) Candidate key iii) Degree of a RelationQ13.Draw an E-R Diagram for a car insurance company with a set of customers, each of which owns a number of cars. Each car has a number of recorded accidents associatedwith it. Also specify the attributes and primary keys for each entity set.Q14. Are weak entities necessary? What is the distinction between a weak entity andstrong one? Can a weak entity be converted to a strong entity?Q15. Design an E-R Diagram for a complete process of selling the products to thecustomers, which consists of the following.Salesman, customer, Order, Item, WarehouseQ16. Discuss the basic principles of E-R Diagram. Explain the graphical notations usedin E-R Diagram.Q17. Write short notes on any four:i)Data Independence. II) Data Dictionary III) DDL and DMLIV) Data Models. V) Query Optimization.Q18.What is authorization? What are some possible forms of authorization a user mayhave in a data base system?Q19. Explain various role of DBA?Q20. What do you mean by security and integrity? Discuss the various level at whichsecurity measures be taken?Q21. (a) What is data abstraction? Explain the various levels of data abstraction.(b) What are different types of data model? Explain the entity relationship model.Q22.IMMORTAL records has decided to store information about musician who
on its album in a database. Design an E-R diagram with the help of the following details.
Each musician that records at immortal has a musician, a name, an address, and a phonenumber.
Each instrument used in songs recorded at immortal has a name (e.g guitar, synthesizer) anda musical key (C, B-flat, E-flat).
Each album recorded on the immortal label has a title, a copyright date, a format (CD or MPG), and an albumid.