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MacLaurin

MacLaurin

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Published by Nur Hanifah
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Published by: Nur Hanifah on Jun 19, 2012
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11/19/2013

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KAKULUS 1MODUL 11
X. DERET MACLAURIN, BINOMIAL, TAYLOR10.1. Deret Maclaurin
Misalkan f(x) = a + bx + cx
2
+ dx
3
+ ex
4
+ fx
5
+ ........Masukkan x = 0, maka f(0) = a + 0 + 0 + 0 + ...........
a = f(0)Diferensialkan: f '(x) = b + c.2x + d.3x
2
+ e.4x
3
+ f.5x
4
+ ..........Masukkan x = 0, maka f' (0) = b + 0 + 0 + ...........+....
b = f' (0)Diferensialkan: f ''(x) = c.2.1 + d.3.2x + e.4.3x
2
+ f.5.4x
3
+ .........Masukkan x = 0, maka f(0) = c.2! + 0 + 0 + ...............
c =
!2)0(
 Diferensialkan: f '''(x) = d.3.2.1 + e.4.3.2.x + f.5.4.3.x
2
+ .........Masukkan x = 0, maka f'''(0) = d.3! + 0 + 0 + ...........
d =
!3)0(
 Dan seterusnya .....sehingga diperoleh
Deret Maclaurin :f(x) = f(0) + f'(0) x +
!2)0(
x
2
+
!3)0(
x
3
+ .....+
!n)0(
)n(
x
n
+ ......Contoh:
1. Perderetkan f(x) = e
x
dalam deret Maclaurin.Jawab:f(x) = f'(x) = f''(x) = f'''(x) = ....... = f 
(n)
(x) = e
x
f(0) = f'(0) = f''(0) = f'''(0) = ...... = f 
(n)
(0) = 1........................................................................Maka e
x
= 1 + x +
!2x
2
+
!3x
3
+ .....
PUSAT PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR - UMBDra. Sumardi H.M.ScKALKULUS I
 
2. Perderetkan f(x) = sin x dalam deret Maclaurin.Jawab:f(0) = 0f'(x) = cos x
f'(0) = 1f''(x) = -sin x
f''(0) = 0f'''(x) = -cos x
f'''(0) = -1f'
(iv)
(x) = sin x
f'
(iv)
(0) = 0
(v)
(x) = cos x
(v)
(0) = 1..................................................Maka sin x = x -
!3x
3
+
!5x
5
.....3. Perderetkan f(x) = cos x dalam deret Maclaurin.Jawab:f(0) = 1f'(x) = - sin x
f'(0) = 0f''(x) = -cos x
f''(0) = -1f'''(x) = sin x
f'''(0) = 0f'
(iv)
(x) = cos x
f'
(iv)
(0) = 1
(v)
(x) = - sin x
(v)
(0) = 0..................................................Maka cos x = 1 -
!2x
2
+
!4x
4
- .....
PUSAT PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR - UMBDra. Sumardi H.M.ScKALKULUS I
 
4. Perderetkan f(x) = ln (1 + x) dalam deret Maclaurin.Jawab:f(0) = ln 1 = 0f'(x) = (1+x)
-1
 
f'(0) = 1f''(x) = -(1+x)
-2
f''(0) = -1 = 1 !f'''(x) = 2(1+x)
-3
f'''(0) = 2 = 2 !f'
(iv)
(x) =-6(1+x)
-4
f'
(iv)
(0) = - 3 = - 3!
(v)
(x) = 24(1+x)
-5
(v)
(0) = 24 = 4!..................................................Maka ln (1 + x) = x -
2x
2
+
3x
3
-
4x
4
+
5x
5
- ...............
Rangkuman
1. e
x
= 1 + x +
!2x
2
+
!3x
3
+ ............... - < x < 2. sin x = x -
!3x
3
+
!5x
5
-
!7x
7
+
!9x
9
..........- < x < 3. cos x = 1 -
!2x
2
+
!4x
4
-
!6x
6
+
!8x
8
..........- < x < 4. ln (1+x) = x -
2x
2
+
3x
3
-
4x
4
+ ........... - 1 < x 1Dengan cara yang sama akan diperoleh deret:5. tan x = x +
3x
3
+
15x2
5
+
315x17
7
......................| x | < π/26. cot x = 1/x -
3x
-
45x
3
-
945x2
5
+ .......................0 < | x | < π7. sinh x = x +
!3x
3
+
!5x
5
+
!7x
7
..........- < x < 8. cosh x = 1+
!2x
2
+
!4x
4
+
!6x
6
+
!8x
8
....................- < x <
PUSAT PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR - UMBDra. Sumardi H.M.ScKALKULUS I

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