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Republic Act

Republic Act

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Republic Act No. 7192. Women in Developmentand Nation Building Act
(Promulgated February12, 1992)
Section 1.
Title.
This Act shall be cited as the"Women in Development and Nation Building Act."
Sec. 2.
Declaration of Policy.
The Staterecognizes the role of women in nation buildingand shall ensure the fundamental equality beforethe law of women and men. The State shall providewomen rights and opportunities equal to that of men.To attain the foregoing policy:(1) A substantial portion of officialdevelopment assistance funds receivedfrom foreign governments and multilateralagencies and organizations shall be setaside and utilized by the agenciesconcerned to support programs andactivities for women;(2) All government departments shallensure that women benefit equally andparticipate directly in the developmentprograms and projects of said department,specifically those funded under officialforeign development assistance, to ensurethe full participation and involvement of women in the development process; and(3) All government departments andagencies shall review and revise all theirregulations, circulars, issuances andprocedures to remove gender bias therein.
Sec. 3.
Responsible Agency.
The NationalEconomic and Development Authority (NEDA) shallprimarily be responsible for ensuring theparticipation of women as recipients in foreign aid,grants and loans. It shall determine and recommendthe amount to be allocated for the developmentactivity involving women.
Sec. 4.
Mandate.
The NEDA, with the assistanceof the National Commission on the Role of FilipinoWomen, shall ensure that the different governmentdepartments, including its agencies andinstrumentalities which, directly or indirectly, affectthe participation of women in national developmentand their integration therein:(1) Formulate and prioritize rural orcountryside development programs orprojects, provide income and employmentopportunities to women in the rural areasand thus, prevent their heavy migrationfrom rural to urban or foreign countries;(2) Include an assessment of the extent towhich their programs and/or projectsintegrate women in the developmentprocess and of the impact of saidprograms or projects on women, includingtheir implications in enhancing the self-reliance of women in improving theirincome;(3) Ensure the active participation of women and women's organizations in thedevelopment programs and/or projectsincluding their involvement in the planning,design, implementation, management,monitoring and evaluation thereof;(4) Collect sex-disaggregated data andinclude such data in its program/projectpaper, proposal or strategy;(5) Ensure that programs and/or projectsare designed so that the percentage of women who receive assistance isapproximately proportionate to either theirtraditional participation in the targetedactivities or their proportion of thepopulation, whichever is higher. Otherwise,
 
the following should be stated in theprogram/project paper, proposal orstrategy;(a) The obstacle in achieving thegoal;(b) The steps being taken toovercome those obstacles; and(c) To the extent that steps arenot being taken to overcomethose obstacles, why they are notbeing taken.(6) Assist women in activities that are of critical significance to their self-relianceand development.
Sec. 5.
Equality in Capacity to Act.
Women of legal age, regardless of civil status, shall have thecapacity to act and enter into contracts which shallin every respect be equal to that of men undersimilar circumstances.In all contractual situations where married menhave the capacity to act, married women shall haveequal rights.To this end:(1) Women shall have the capacity toborrow and obtain loans and executesecurity and credit arrangement under thesame conditions as men;(2) Women shall have equal access to allgovernment and private sector programsgranting agricultural credit, loans and non-material resources and shall enjoy equaltreatment in agrarian reform and landresettlement programs;(3) Women shall have equal rights to act asincorporators and enter into insurancecontracts; and(4) Married women shall have rights equalto those of married men in applying forpassport, secure visas and other traveldocuments, without need to secure theconsent of their spouses.In all other similar contractual relations, womenshall enjoy equal rights and shall have the capacityto act which shall in every respect be equal to thoseof men under similar circumstances
Sec. 6.
Equal Membership in Clubs.
Womenshall enjoy equal access to membership in all social,civic and recreational clubs, committees,associations and similar other organizationsdevoted to public purpose. They shall be entitled tothe same rights and privileges accorded to theirspouses if they belong to the same organization.
Sec. 7.
Admission to Military Schools.
Anyprovision of the law to the contrarynotwithstanding, consistent with the needs of theservices, women shall be accorded equalopportunities for appointment, admission, training,graduation and commissioning in all military orsimilar schools of the Armed Forces of thePhilippines and the Philippine National Police notlater than the fourth academic year following theapproval of this Act in accordance with thestandards required for men except for thoseminimum essential adjustments required byphysiological differences between sexes.
Sec. 8.
Voluntary Pag-IBIG, GSIS and SSS Coverage.
Married persons who devote full time tomanaging the household and family affairs shall,upon the working spouse's consent, be entitled tovoluntaryPag-IBIG (Pagtutulungan
Ikaw, Bangko, Industriya at Gobyerno), GovernmentService Insurance System (GSIS) or Social SecuritySystem (SSS) coverage to the extent of one-half (1/2) of the salary and compensation of the working
 
spouse. The contributions due thereon shall bededucted from the salary of the working spouse.The GSIS or the SSS, as the case may be, shall issuerules and regulations necessary to effectivelyimplement the provisions of this section.
Sec. 9.
Implementing Rules.
The NEDA, inconsultation with the different government agenciesconcerned, shall issue rules and regulations as maybe necessary for the effective implementation of Sections 2, 3 and 4, of this Act within six (6) monthsfrom its effectivity.
Sec. 10.
Compliance Report.
Within six (6)months from theeffectivity of this Act and every six(6) months thereafter, all government departments,including its agencies and instrumentalities, shallsubmit a report to Congress on their compliancewith this Act.
Sec. 11.
Separability Clause.
If for any reasonany section or provision of this Act is declaredunconstitutional or invalid, the other sections orprovisions hereof which are not affected therebyshall continue to be in full force and effect.
Sec. 12.
Repealing Clause.
The provisions of Republic Act No. 386, otherwise known as the CivilCode of the Philippines, as amended, and of Executive Order No. 209, otherwise known as theFamily Code of the Philippines, and all laws,decrees, executive orders, proclamations, rules andregulations, or parts thereof, inconsistent herewithare hereby repealed.
Sec. 13.
Effectivity Clause.
The rights of womenand all the provisions of this Act shall take effectimmediately upon its publication in the OfficialGazette or in two (2) newspapers of generalcirculation.
Republic Act 9262
“Anti
-Violence against Womenand their Children Act of 2004
″ 
Signed : July 28,2004
Republic Act No. 9262 of 2004 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Childrenprovides protection for abused women and theirchildren against their partners or former malepartners or those with whom they had or arehaving a dating relationship.RA 9262 penalizes the commission of violenceagainst women their children (VAWC) in the contextof domestic violence or violence in intimaterelationships. It defines VAWC as any act or a seriesof acts committed by any person against a womanwho is his wife, former wife, or with whom theperson has or had a sexual or dating relationship,or with whom he has a common child, or againsther child whether legitimate or illegitimate, withinor without the family abode, which results in or islikely to result in physical, sexual, psychologicalharm or suffering, or economic abuse includingthreats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion,harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty.The Law also provides for the security of thecomplainant and her family through the availmentof barangay, temporary, or permanent protectionorders. The Law clearly identifies the duties of barangay officials, law enforcers, prosecutors, courtpersonnel, healthcare providers and othergovernment agencies and LGUs to provide thenecessary protection and support services to VAWC
victims. Furthermore, the Law recognizes “BatteredWoman Syndrome” which refers to a scientifically
defined pattern of psychological or behavioralsymptoms found in women living in battering

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