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Introduction

Introduction

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Published by Mahendra Suthar

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Published by: Mahendra Suthar on Jun 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/19/2012

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INTRODUCTIONDue to environmental concerns the need for less hazardous solutions in electroniccomponents and system is receiving increasing attention within the semiconductors andelectronics industries.There has been a vast development in various industries to go green. The increasedawareness of the environment, which has been affected on account of pollution,has forcedmany regulations to come into force.There has some regulations that are put in place to ensure the implementation of the greentrend electronics industry. Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS) and Waste Electicaland Electonic Equipment (WEEE) are two regulations are obligatory in Europe,While in the other parts of the word strict laws are yet to be enforced. However, despite thelake of strict measure in the other parts of the word, manufacturers of coustomer electonicsdo tag along in adoption of green methods.What is RoHS?The Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS
)Directive
2002/95/EC) was adopted inFebruary 2003 by theEuropean Union.The RoHSdirective took effect on 1 July 2006, and is required to be enforced and become law in each member state. This directive restricts theuse of six hazardous materials in the manufacture of various types of electronic andelectrical equipment. It is closely linked with theWaste Electrical and ElectronicEquipment Directive (WEEE) 2002/96/EC which sets collection, recycling and recoverytargets for electrical goods and is part of a legislative initiative to solve the problem of hugeamounts of toxice-waste.Each European Union member state will adopt its own enforcement and implementation policies using the directive as a guide.
RoHS
is often referred to as the lead-free directive, but it restricts the use of the followingsix substances:1.Lead(Pb)2.Mercury(Hg)3.Cadmium(Cd)4.Hexavalent chromium(Cr 
6+
)5.Polybrominated biphenyls(PBB)6.Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)The maximum permitted concentrations are 0.1% or 1000 ppm (except for cadmium, which is limited to 0.01) by weight of 
homogeneous material 
. This means that the limits do notapply to the weight of the finished product, or even to a component, but to any singlesubstance that could (theoretically) be separated mechanically—for example, the sheath ona cable or the tinning on a component lead.

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