Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.
Large-scale polyphase deformation
a coherent HP/LT metamorphic unit:the Mulhacen Complex in the eastern Sierra de Ios Filabres(Betic Zone, SE Spain)
Koen de Jong
Earth Sciences, Vrije Universiteit,
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
;accepted in revised form
extension, shortening, strain gradient, strain partitioning, structural overprinting,nappe reactivation
elucidates the large-scale polyphase deformation history
the Mulhacen Complex, the partiallyoverprinted HP/LT metamorphic nappe complex in the Be ic
southeastern Spain, by tying zones
concentrated small-scale and mesoscopic deformation to large-scale structures, which could
due to excellent exposure. Small-scale structures show
progressively younger deformation was increasingly less homogeneous and became progressively
concentrated in zones.
litho ogic units and main tectonic units was disrupted during subsequent polyphase deformation. During a third phase of penetrative deformation
S-SW vergentfolding and associated S-SW ward thrusting occurred; the most intense folding and cleavage developmenttook place in the vicinity
these thrusts. During D
a level in the top of the lowest nappe of the MulhacenComplex acted as floor thrust
the imbrications.Mapping and structural analysis showed
during subsequent deformation this zone was reactivated and
deformation was concentrated below the detachment.
did not result in penetrative deformation
in approximately N-Strending subvertical faults and associated similarly oriented flexures and large-scale open folds. Tortoniansediments show
Dtulh occurred before, and
h,at least partly, after their deposition.
small-scale and mesoscopic polyphase deformation history of the Mulhacen Complex in theSierra de los Filabres in the Betic
of southeastern Spain
well established (Langenberg 1972,Kampschuur 1975, Martfnez Martfnez 1980, Vissers
al.1989, Zevenhuizen 1989,
timing of phases
superimposed deformation with respect to mineralgrowth gave insight into evolving P-T conditionsduring the tectonicevolution (Vissers
In addition,excellent exposure enabled tracing
mesoscopic structures in relation to mapping of lithologic units,which resolved the large-scale polyphase structuralevolution. This type
analysis of the MulhacenComplex in the eastern Sierra de los Filabres, in relation to the cartography published earlier
the present paper.
the Mulhacen Complex will be discussed in the context
aredefined deformation scheme
thedifferences between this scheme and the scheme