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Fluid

# Fluid

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06/19/2012

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KENYATTA UNIVERSITY
UNIVERSITY EXAMINATIONS 2007/2008
INSTITUTE OF OPEN LEARNING
SPECIAL/SUPPLEMENTARY EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OFBACHELOR OF SCIENCE (CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING)SET 312: FLUID MECHANICS IIIDATE:
Wednesday 8
th
October, 2008
TIME:
1.00 p.m.
–
3.00 p.m.
INSTRUCTIONSThis paper contains FIVE questions. Attempt THREE questions only.
Question 1(a) Differentiate between a streamlined body and a bluff body. [6 marks](b) A horizontal pipeline 40m long is connected to a water tank at one end anddischarges freely into the atmosphere at the other end. For the first 25m of itslength from the tank, the pipe is 150mm diameter and its diameter is suddenlyenlarged to 300 mm. The height of water length in the tank is 8m above thecenter of the pipe. Considering all losses of head which occur, determine the rateof flow. Take f = 0.01 for both sections of the pipe. [14 marks]Question 2(a) Derive an expression for the loss of head due to friction in pipes. [10 marks](b) A sphere of 4cm diameter made of aluminium (sp.gr. = 2.8) is attached to a stringand suspended from the roof of a wind tunnel test section. If an air stream of 30ms
-1
flows past the sphere, find the inclination of the string and tension in thestring. [10 marks]Question 3(a) What is meant by water hammer? Derive an expression for the rise of pressurewhen the flowing water in a pipe is brought to rest by closing the valve gradually.[10 marks]