Presidential Decree No. 1214 is not unconstitutional. It is a valid exercise of thesovereign power of the State, as owner, over lands of the public domain, of which petitioner'smining claims still form a part, and over the patrimony of the nation, of which mineral depositsare a valuable asset. It may be underscored, in this connection, that the Decree does not cover allmining claims located under the Phil. Bill of 1902, but only those claims over which theirlocators had failed to obtain a patent. And even then, such locators may still avail of therenewable twenty-five year (25) lease prescribed by Pres. Decree No. 463, the MineralDevelopment Resources Decree of 1974.Constitutional mandate of PD 1214 is found in Sec. 2, Art. XII of the 1987 Constitution,which declares: "All lands of the public domain, waters, minerals, coal, petroleum, and othermineral oils, all forces of potential energy, fisheries, forests or timber, wildlife, flora and fauna,and other natural resources are owned by the State. With the exception of agricultural lands, allother natural resources shall not be alienated. The exploration, development, and utilization of
natural resources shall be under the full control and supervision of the State….
No. L-58867. June 22, 1984.*DIRECTOR OF LANDS and DIRECTOR OF FOREST DEVELOPMENT, petitioners, vs.HON. COURT OF APPEALS and ANTONIO VALERIANO, GABRIELA VALERIANOVDA. DE LA CRUZ, LETICIA A. VALERIANO and MARISSA VALERIANO DE LAROSA, respondents.
FACTS:In their application for registration filed on May 10, 1976, private respondents(Applicants, for brevity) claimed that they are the co-owners in fee simple of the land applied forpartly through inheritance in 1918 and partly by purchase on May 2, 1958; that it is not withinany forest zone or military reservation; and that the same is assessed for taxation purposes intheir names.The Republic of the Philippines, represented by the Director of the Bureau of ForestDevelopment opposed the application on the principal ground that the land applied for is withinthe unclassified region of Obando, Bulacan, per BF Map LC No. 637 dated March 1, 1927; andthat areas within the unclassified region are denominated as forest lands and do not form part of the disposable and alienable portion of the public domain.After hearing, the Trial Court ordered registration of the subject land in favor of theApplicants. This was affirmed on appeal by respondent Appellate Court.ISSUE: